Where to draw the line? From degree to dichotomy in measures of democracy

  title={Where to draw the line? From degree to dichotomy in measures of democracy},
  author={Matthijs Bogaards},
  pages={690 - 712}
While there is much debate about the merits of dichotomous versus continuous measures of democracy, surprisingly little attention is paid to the question as to how to go from degree to dichotomy. This study identifies no less than 38 different ways in which Freedom House and Polity scores have been used to distinguish between democracies and non-democracies. The analysis shows that it is difficult to draw the line in measures of democracy, even for Freedom House and Polity themselves. These… Expand
Users Working Paper 24
Many vital questions in comparative politics and international relations concern the transition to and from democracy. This tradition makes the measurement of democracy, in particular, the thresholdExpand
Why Choice Matters: Revisiting and Comparing Measures of Democracy
Measures of democracy are in high demand. Scientific and public audiences use them to describe political realities and to substantiate causal claims about those realities. This introduction to theExpand
Version Why Choice Matters : Revisiting and Comparing Measures of Democracy Politics and Governance Provided in Cooperation with : WZB Berlin
Measures of democracy are in high demand. Scientific and public audiences use them to describe political realities and to substantiate causal claims about those realities. This introduction to theExpand
Was it worth the trouble? Limited competition and citizen well-being under authoritarian rule
  • A. Cassani
  • Political Science
  • Italian Political Science Review/Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica
  • 2016
The last part of 20th century saw the collapse of a dramatic number of dictatorships. Rather than democracy, several of these transitions brought regimes where limited political competition coexistsExpand
On the Measurement Validity of Continuous Democracy Measures’ Cutoffs
Scholars often dichotomize continuous measures of democracy. However, conceptual ambiguity surrounds the thresholds of three major continuous measures: the Freedom House score (FH), Polity scoreExpand
Democracy by Demand? Reinvestigating the Effect of Self-expression Values on Political Regime Type
The notion that cultural characteristics influence political regimes remains popular, despite mixed supporting evidence. In particular, democracy is argued to emerge and thrive in countries whereExpand
The Diffusion of Values among Democracies and Autocracies
Over the past couple of years, our knowledge about diffusion processes has increased greatly. So far, the focus has been on public policies, political institutions, and civil society repertories. OurExpand
“Ethnic polarization and the limits of democratic practice”
ABSTRACT While several scholars have speculated that ethnic bipolarity, as a particular type of diversity, is related to the weakness of democracy in multiethnic states there exist few studies thatExpand
The Conceptualization of Opposition Competitiveness and Its Significance for Dominant Party System Responsiveness
This chapter shows that the third wave of democratization in Africa can be successful even if the government remains dominated by one major political party. A competitive opposition party (system)Expand
Case-based research on democratization
ABSTRACT Empirical research on democratization is dominated by case studies and small-N comparisons. This article is a first attempt to take stock of qualitative case-based research onExpand


Measures of Democratization: From Degree to Type to War
The global spread of democracy has not resulted in scholarly consensus on how to conceptualize and measure democratization. The recent proliferation of hybrid regimes has encouraged attempts toExpand
A critique of quantitative measures of the degree of democracy in Israel
The question addressed in this study is: ‘How accurate and meaningful are quantitative measures of the degree of democracy in Israel?’ With the increasing use of such measures in studies ofExpand
DEMOCRACY AND DICHOTOMIES: A Pragmatic Approach to Choices about Concepts
▪ Abstract Prominent scholars engaged in comparative research on democratic regimes are in sharp disagreement over the choice between a dichotomous or graded approach to the distinction betweenExpand
Double Take
The Polity data are widely used to explore the causes and consequences of democratic authority patterns. These data often have been used uncritically. The authors explore some of the theoretical andExpand
Political and ideological aspects in the measurement of democracy: the Freedom House case
While several studies have dealt with methodological aspects of measuring democracy, little attention has been devoted to the political and ideological issues that affect the construction andExpand
Measuring Democracy through Election Outcomes
Cross-national measures of democracy are widely used to track the development and spread of democracy around the world and to study the causes and correlates of democratization. Most of theExpand
Reassessing the Three Waves of Democratization
Since the publication of Samuel Huntington's 1991 study of democratization, scholars have come to take for granted the notion that the spread of democracy has come in waves. Although Huntington'sExpand
Democratic Progress and Regress: The Effect of Parties on the Transitions of States to and Away from Democracy
This article examines how political parties and party competition affect the likelihood of nations becoming and remaining democracies. While many scholars have long assumed that this is the case, theExpand
Conceptualizing and Measuring Democracy
The authors’ conclusion is that constructors of democracy indices tend to be quite self-conscious about methodological issues but that even the best indices suffer from important weaknesses. Expand
Voting Counts: Participation in the Measurement of Democracy
The measures of democracy commonly used in empirical research suffer notable limitations, primarily the exclusion of participation. As a result, quantitative studies may undervalue the effect ofExpand