Where is the child's environment? A group socialization theory of development.

@article{Harris1995WhereIT,
  title={Where is the child's environment? A group socialization theory of development.},
  author={Judith Rich Harris},
  journal={Psychological Review},
  year={1995},
  volume={102},
  pages={458-489}
}
  • J. Harris
  • Published 1995
  • Psychology
  • Psychological Review
Do parents have any important long-term effects on the development of their child's personality? This article examines the evidence and concludes that the answer is no. A new theory of development is proposed: that socialization is context-specific and that outside-the-home socialization takes place in the peer groups of childhood and adolescence. Intraand intergroup processes, not dyadic relationships, are responsible for the transmission of culture and for environmental modification of… 
Socialization, personality development, and the child's environments: comment on Vandell (2000).
  • J. R. Harris
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Developmental psychology
  • 2000
TLDR
Group socialization theory attributes outside-the-home socialization to identification with a peer group and assimilation of group norms, but attributes nongenetic variation in personality to differentiation within the group.
Toward a Model of Family-Environmental and Child-Biological Influences on Development☆
This paper illuminates different perspectives on family influences on the child's development. Genetic and biological factors make very important contributions to the development of individual
Parents, peer groups, and other socializing influences.
  • D. Vandell
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Developmental psychology
  • 2000
TLDR
The available evidence is more consistent with a model of multiple socialization agents, and an expanded research agenda that permits a more definitive test of J. R. Harris's propositions and social relationship theory is proposed.
Sociocultural differences in the developmental consequences of the use of physical discipline during childhood for African Americans.
  • A. Whaley
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Cultural diversity & ethnic minority psychology
  • 2000
TLDR
A review of the literature indicates that the positive association between spanking and child behavior problems is bidirectional for White families, whereas it is the product of reverse causation (i.e., negative child behaviors result in spanking) in Black families.
A Study of Parenting Style in Relation to Emotional Intelligence Value Orientation and Social Adjustment among Secondary School Students of Delhi
The Indian family plays a key role in the socialization process of the child (from infancy to childhood and even to the extent of adulthood) and uses family specific values to bring up the child.
Children's Role in Generating Social Capital
Using data from the 500 Family Study, this study examines how adolescents contribute to their families' social capital. An instrumental variable model reveals that adolescents' social involvement has
Gendered-peer relationships in educational contexts.
TLDR
The theories and evidence concerning the roles of gendered-peer interactions and relationships in children's lives at school and the important and understudied question of why some children have more exposure to same-sex peers than others are considered.
The role of classroom norms in contextualizing the relations of children's social behaviors to peer acceptance.
  • Lei Chang
  • Psychology, Medicine
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This study introduces a social context model within which peer acceptances of prosocial-leadership, aggression, and social withdrawal were examined as functions of the contextual norms of these
The child and the family: interdependence in developmental pathways
This contribution focuses on the family as the major context for children's development, it includes concepts of the family as an institution for the transmission of meaning on the one hand, and it
Socialization Processes and Children Development in the Family
Process by which individuals acquire the knowledge, language, social skills, and value to conform to the norms and roles required for integration into a group or community. It is a combination of
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