Where have all the Goldstone bosons gone

@article{Guralnik2014WhereHA,
  title={Where have all the Goldstone bosons gone},
  author={G. Guralnik and C. Hagen},
  journal={Modern Physics Letters A},
  year={2014},
  volume={29},
  pages={1450046}
}
According to a commonly held view of spontaneously broken symmetry in gauge theories, troublesome Nambu–Goldstone bosons are effectively eliminated by turning into longitudinal modes of a massive vector meson. This note shows that, this is not in fact, a consistent view of the role of Nambu–Goldstone bosons in such theories. These particles necessarily appear as gauge excitations, whenever they are formulated in a manifestly covariant gauge. The radiation gauge provides therefore the dual… Expand
Electroweak Symmetry Breaking in Historical Perspective
The discovery of the Higgs boson is a major milestone in our progress toward understanding the natural world. A particular aim of this review is to show how diverse ideas came together in theExpand
Electroweak Symmetry Breaking, Intermediate Regulators and Physics Beyond the Standard Model
According to the long-standing received wisdom, a "small" value of the Higgs mass - as for instance implied by general unitarity constraints - is highly "unnatural" and essentially $\mbox{requires}$Expand
Quantum groups as generalized gauge symmetries in WZNW models. Part I. The classical model
Wess–Zumino–Novikov–Witten (WZNW) models over compact Lie groups G constitute the best studied class of (two dimensional, 2D) rational conformal field theories (RCFTs). A WZNW chiral state space is aExpand
Ju l 2 01 5 Electroweak Symmetry Breaking , Intermediate Regulators and Physics Beyond the Standard Model
According to the long-standing received wisdom, a “small” value of the Higgs mass as for instance implied by general unitarity constraints is highly “unnatural” and essentially requires new physicsExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 10 REFERENCES
Broken Symmetries and the Masses of Gauge Bosons
In a recent note' it was shown that the Goldstone theorem, ' that Lorentz-covaria. nt field theories in which spontaneous breakdown of symmetry under an internal Lie group occurs contain zero-massExpand
Plasmons, Gauge Invariance, and Mass
Schwinger has pointed out that the Yang-Mills vector boson implied by associating a generalized gauge transformation with a conservation law (of baryonic charge, for instance) does not necessarilyExpand
Phys
  • Rev. Letters 13, 321
  • 1964
Phys
  • Rev. Letters 13, 585
  • 1964
Phys
  • Rev. Letters 13, 508
  • 1964
Phys
  • Rev. 130, 439
  • 1963
Physics Lett
  • 12, 132
  • 1964