Where are Europe’s last primary forests?

  title={Where are Europe’s last primary forests?},
  author={Francesco Maria Sabatini and Sabina Burrascano and William S. Keeton and Christian Levers and Marcus Lindner and Florian P{\"o}tzschner and Pieter Johannes Verkerk and J{\"u}rgen Bauhus and Erik Buchwald and Oleh Chaskovsky and Nicolas Debaive and Ferenc Horv{\'a}th and Matteo Garbarino and Nikolaos Grigoriadis and Fabio Lombardi and In{\^e}s Marques Duarte and Peter Meyer and Rein Midteng and Stjepan Mikac and Martin Mikol{\'a}{\vs} and Renzo Motta and Gintautas Mozgeris and Le{\'o}nia Nunes and Momchil Panayotov and P{\'e}ter {\'O}dor and Alejandro Ruete and Bojan Simovski and Jonas Stillhard and Miroslav Svoboda and Jerzy Szwagrzyk and Olli-Pekka Tikkanen and Roman Volosyanchuk and Tom{\'a}{\vs} Vr{\vs}ka and Tzvetan Zlatanov and Tobias Kuemmerle},
  journal={Diversity and Distributions},
  pages={1426 - 1439}
Primary forests have high conservation value but are rare in Europe due to historic land use. Yet many primary forest patches remain unmapped, and it is unclear to what extent they are effectively protected. Our aim was to (1) compile the most comprehensive European‐scale map of currently known primary forests, (2) analyse the spatial determinants characterizing their location and (3) locate areas where so far unmapped primary forests likely occur. 

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