When the rains failed: famine, relief, and mortality in British India

  title={When the rains failed: famine, relief, and mortality in British India},
  author={Ira Klein},
  journal={Indian Economic \& Social History Review},
  pages={185 - 214}
  • I. Klein
  • Published 1 June 1984
  • History
  • Indian Economic & Social History Review
In the five decades ending just after World War I India experienced a grim crescendo of death in which terrible epidemics of malaria, plague and influenza destroyed tens of millions of lives, other endemic diseases were highly fatal, the sub-continent was stricken by the most widespread famines in its recorded history, life expectancy fell to twenty years, and population growth was sharply curtailed despite high fertility.’ In the following halfcentury, however, there was a notable transition… 

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