When the Shadow Is the Substance: Judge Gender and the Outcomes of Workplace Sex Discrimination Cases

@article{Knepper2018WhenTS,
  title={When the Shadow Is the Substance: Judge Gender and the Outcomes of Workplace Sex Discrimination Cases},
  author={Matthew M. Knepper},
  journal={Journal of Labor Economics},
  year={2018},
  volume={36},
  pages={623 - 664}
}
The number of workplace sex discrimination charges filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission approaches 25,000 annually. Do the subsequent judicial proceedings suffer from a discriminatory gender bias? Exploiting random assignment of federal district court judges to civil cases, I find that female plaintiffs filing workplace sex discrimination claims are substantially more likely to settle and win compensation whenever a female judge is assigned to the case. Additionally, female… 

Female Judges and In-group Bias in Labor Courts

Does judge gender influence the outcome of sentences in labor courts? We address this question using data on judges, defendants (firms), and plaintiffs (workers) from labor court cases of São Paulo

Is there transgender bias in the courtroom?

This study examines whether various judicial demographic and political characteristics have an influence on case outcomes in transgender employment discrimination cases. Specifically, it assesses

The Effect of Own-Gender Juries on Conviction Rates

This paper examines the extent to which criminal conviction rates are affected by the similarity in gender of the defendant and jury. To identify effects, we exploit random variation in both the

The Effect of Own-Gender Jurors on Conviction Rates

Despite concerns about gender bias in general and jurors’ gender in particular, little is known about the effect of jurors’ gender on conviction rates. We identify the effect of own-gender jurors by

Gender Differences in Judicial Decisions under Incomplete Information: Evidence from Child Support Cases

We compare decisions by female and male judges in child support trials where a judge decides on the father’s income allocation to children. We investigate two types of cases: 1) when fathers have a

Measuring Gender and Religious Bias in the Indian Judiciary

We study judicial in-group bias in Indian criminal courts, collecting data on over 80 million legal case records from 2010–2018. We exploit quasi-random assignment of judges and changes in judge

In-group bias in the Indian judiciary: Evidence from 5.5 million criminal cases

This work exploits quasi-random assignment of judges and changes in judge cohorts to examine whether defendant outcomes are affected by being assigned to a judge with a similar identity, and estimates tight zero effects of in-group bias along gender and religious identity.

The Effect of Pretrial Detention on Labor Market Outcomes

Around a third of prisoners worldwide (2.8 million) are incarcerated before trial. This paper combines Chilean individual administrative data for criminal cases and labor market outcomes to estimate,

Racial Bias by Prosecutors: Evidence from Random Assignment

There is much interest in understanding the extent to which racial bias drives the large racial disparities in criminal justice outcomes. However, little is known about whether prosecutors exhibit

Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes

Informed by moral typecasting theory, we predicted a gender bias in harm evaluation, such that women are more easily categorized as victims and men as perpetrators. Study 1 participants assumed a

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 81 REFERENCES

Here Comes the Judge: The Influence of Judge Personal Characteristics on Federal Sexual Harassment Case Outcomes

Results revealed that younger judges and Democrat judges were more likely to find for the plaintiff (the alleged victim of harassment), and judges' personal characteristics influenced case outcomes.

Myth of the Color-Blind Judge: An Empirical Analysis of Racial Harassment Cases

This empirical study of over 400 federal cases, representing workplace racial harassment jurisprudence over a twenty-year period, found that judges' race significantly affects outcomes in these

A Reappraisal of Diversification in the Federal Courts: Gender Effects in the Courts of Appeals

Prior scholarship on the effect of the increasing number of female judges leads to three contrasting sets of expectations. Early writings and views of affirmative-action activists suggested that

Institutional Dynamics on the U.S. Court of Appeals: Minority Representation Under Panel Decision Making

This article assesses how the institutional context of decision making on three-judge panels of the federal Court of Appeals affects the impact that gender and race have on judicial decisions. Our

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and Structural Reform of the American Workplace

In 2011, the United States Supreme Court struck down a class action suit alleging that Wal-Mart stores discriminated against female employees in pay and promotion decisions, making it more difficult

Do Judges Vary in Their Treatment of Race?

Are minorities treated differently by the legal system? Systematic racial differences in case characteristics, many unobservable, make this a difficult question to answer directly. In this paper, we

Identifying Judicial Empathy: Does Having Daughters Cause Judges to Rule for Women's Issues?

In this article, we consider whether personal relationships can affect the way that judges decide cases. To do so, we leverage the natural experiment of a child's gender to identify the effect of

Politics and the Judiciary: The Influence of Judicial Background on Case Outcomes

It is widely believed that the background and worldview of judges influence their decisions. This article uses the fact that judges are assigned their cases randomly to assess the effect of judicial

Does Unconscious Racial Bias Affect Trial Judges

Race matters in the criminal justice system. Black defendants appear to fare worse than similarly situated white defendants. Why? Implicit bias is one possibility. Researchers, using a well-known

Do Judges’ Characteristics Matter? Ethnicity, Gender, and Partisanship in Texas State Trial Courts

We explore how government officials’ behavior varies with their ethnicity, gender, and political orientation. Specifically, we analyze criminal sentencing decisions in Texas state district courts
...