When the Referee Sees Red …

  title={When the Referee Sees Red …},
  author={N. Hagemann and B. Strau{\ss} and Jan Leissing},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={769 - 771}
  • N. Hagemann, B. Strauß, Jan Leissing
  • Published 2008
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychological Science
  • Hill and Barton (2005) showed that wearing red sports attire has a positive impact on one's outcome in a combat sport (e.g., tae kwon do or wrestling). They suggested that this effect is due to an evolutionary or cultural association of the color red with dominance and aggression, proposing that this association triggers a psychological effect in an athlete who wears red (or in his or her opponent; e.g., Cuthill, Hunt, Cleary, & Clark, 1997; Milinski & Bakker, 1990; Setchell & Wickings, 2005… CONTINUE READING
    99 Citations

    Figures and Topics from this paper

    Fading red? No evidence that color of trunks influences outcomes in the ultimate fighting championship (UFC)
    • 8
    • PDF
    The Red Power(less) Tie
    • 7
    • PDF
    The influence of red on perceptions of relative dominance and threat in a competitive context.
    • 65
    • PDF
    Exploring the Implicit Link Between Red and Aggressiveness as Well as Blue and Agreeableness
    Influence of red jersey color on physical parameters in combat sports.
    • 46
    • PDF
    Does Blue Uniform Color Enhance Winning Probability in Judo Contests?
    • 3
    • PDF


    Sporting contests: Seeing red? Putting sportswear in context
    • 73
    The dark side of self- and social perception: black uniforms and aggression in professional sports.
    • 405
    • PDF
    Sporting contests: Seeing red? Putting sportswear in context (reply)
    • 31
    • PDF
    Sports performance judgments from a social cognitive perspective
    • 135
    Psychology: Red enhances human performance in contests
    • 328
    • PDF
    Errors in judging ‘offside’ in football
    • 106
    • PDF
    Dominance, Status Signals and Coloration in Male Mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx)
    • 223
    Colour bands, dominance, and body mass regulation in male zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata)
    • 99
    Female sticklebacks use male coloration in mate choice and hence avoid parasitized males
    • 786
    Sporting contests: Seeing red
    • Putting sportswear in context. Nature,
    • 2005