When one liter does not equal 1000 milliliters: implications for the tumescent technique.


BACKGROUND Tumescent anesthesia has revolutionized the practice of liposuction. Inherent to the tumescent technique is the use of large volumes of dilute solutions of lidocaine with epinephrine instilled into subcutaneous fat deposits. Precise formulation of the tumescent anesthesia is essential to liposuction technique. OBJECTIVES To determine the actual… (More)


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