When neurons do not mirror the agent's intentions: Sex differences in neural coding of goal-directed actions

  title={When neurons do not mirror the agent's intentions: Sex differences in neural coding of goal-directed actions},
  author={Alice Mado Proverbio and Federica Riva and Alberto Zani},
Neural Coding of Cooperative vs. Affective Human Interactions: 150 ms to Code the Action's Purpose
Evidence was provided that perceptually similar social interactions are discriminated on the basis of the agents' intentions quite early in neural processing, differentially activating regions devoted to face/body/action coding, the limbic system and the MNS.
Dorsolateral pFC and the Representation of the Incorrect Use of an Object: The Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Effect on N400 for Visual and Linguistic Stimuli
It is suggested that perturbation of the DLPFC may limit the ability to analyze a semantically anomalous action sequence as a reduced N400 ERP effect and increased random responses was observed.
Comprehending Body Language and Mimics: An ERP and Neuroimaging Study on Italian Actors and Viewers
The results indicate that face and body mimics undergo a prioritized processing that is mostly represented in the affective brain and is rapidly compared with verbal information, likely able to regulate social interactions by providing on-line information about the sincerity and trustfulness of others.
N400 ERPs for actions: building meaning in context
This review outlines recent data from N400 studies that examine the understanding of action events and suggests that both negativities reflect a common neurocognitive mechanism involved in the construction of meaning through the expectancies created by previous experiences and current contextual information.
The contribution of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and temporoparietal areas in processing instrumental versus functional semantic violations in action representation
It is highlighted that DLPFC inhibition may limit the ability to analyze a semantically incongruous action, with a reduced N400 ERP effect and increased “cognitive costs” (higher RTs) and the existence of different cortical generators for the instrumental and functional semantic anomaly processing.
Left centro-parieto-temporal response to tool–gesture incongruity: an ERP study
The neurophysiological findings indicated that the left centro-parieto-temporal area is the predominant region contributing to neural processing for tool–gesture incongruity in right-handers and altered brain activities attributable to the N400 in relation to lexical and action semantics.
Semantic brain areas are involved in gesture comprehension: An electrical neuroimaging study


RP and N400 ERP components reflect semantic violations in visual processing of human actions
Grasping the Intentions of Others with One's Own Mirror Neuron System
Functional magnetic resonance imaging revealed that premotor mirror neuron areas—areas active during the execution and the observation of an action—previously thought to be involved only in action recognition are actually also involved in understanding the intentions of others.
The human mirror neuron system: a link between action observation and social skills.
The discovery of the mirror neuron system (MNS) has led researchers to speculate that this system evolved from an embodied visual recognition apparatus in monkey to a system critical for social
Mirror Neuron and Theory of Mind Mechanisms Involved in Face-to-Face Interactions: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Approach to Empathy
Differential engagement of the MPFC, the PCC/precuneus, and temporo-parietal regions in the self-task indicates that these structures act as key players in the evaluation of one's own emotional state during empathic face-to-face interaction.
rTMS to the right inferior parietal lobule disrupts self-other discrimination.
It appears that activity in the right inferior parietal lobule is essential to the task, thus providing for the first time evidence for a causal relation between a human brain area and this high-level cognitive capacity.
The role of the extrastriate body area in action perception
It is proposed that the EBA plays a unique role in the perception of action, by representing the static structure, rather than dynamic aspects, of the human form by adapting its response when succeeding images depict relatively similar postures.
Gender Differences in the Mu Rhythm of the Human Mirror-Neuron System
The results demonstrate that females displayed significantly stronger mu suppression than males when watching hand actions, which indirectly lend support to the extreme male brain theory put forward by Baron-Cohen (2005), and may cast some light on the mirror-neuron dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders.