When does Retrieval Induce Forgetting and When does it Induce Facilitation? Implications for Retrieval Inhibition, Testing Effect, and Text Processing

@article{Chan2009WhenDR,
  title={When does Retrieval Induce Forgetting and When does it Induce Facilitation? Implications for Retrieval Inhibition, Testing Effect, and Text Processing},
  author={Jason C. K. Chan},
  journal={Journal of Memory and Language},
  year={2009},
  volume={61},
  pages={153-170}
}
  • J. K. Chan
  • Published 1 August 2009
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Memory and Language
Retrieval induces forgetting, but only when nontested items compete for retrieval: Implication for interference, inhibition, and context reinstatement.
The mechanism responsible for retrieval-induced forgetting has been the subject of rigorous theoretical debate, with some researchers postulating that retrieval-induced forgetting can be explained by
Providing corrective feedback during retrieval practice does not increase retrieval-induced forgetting
Recalling a subset of studied materials can impair subsequent retrieval of related, nontested materials. In two experiments, we examined the influence of providing corrective feedback (no feedback,
On the reliability of retrieval-induced forgetting
TLDR
The study can provide an indication as to the robustness of retrieval-induced forgetting to deviations from the traditional college undergraduate samples that have been used in the majority of existing research on the effect.
Retrieval from Episodic Memory: Neural Mechanisms of Interference Resolution
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging study investigates the neural processes underlying retrieval-induced forgetting and examines the extent to which these processes are retrieval (i.e., selection) specific.
A progress report on the inhibitory account of retrieval-induced forgetting
TLDR
The goal of the present progress report is to critically review the inhibitory account of retrieval-induced forgetting and to provide direction so that future research can have a more meaningful impact on the understanding of human memory.
Can interpolated testing reduce retrieval-induced forgetting?
TLDR
This dissertation examined whether testing only a subset of the exemplars in a block would inoculate participants against the buildup of proactive interference and how the presentation order of the Rpexemplars relative to the Rp+ (tested) exemplars influenced the magnitude of retrieval-induced forgetting.
The Influence of Corrective Feedback on Retrieval-induced Forgetting
Prior research has shown that testing can impair subsequent recall of nontested materials: an effect termed retrieval-induced forgetting. In the current study, I examined the effect of providing
On the durability of retrieval-induced forgetting
Information retrieved from memory becomes more recallable in the future than it would have been otherwise. Competing information associated with the same cues, however, tends to become less
Dissociating the two faces of selective memory retrieval
TLDR
This work examined retrieval dynamics in listwise directed forgetting, varying the delay between preceding non-target and subsequent target recall, and found detrimental effects of memory retrieval on to-be-remembered items but beneficial effects on to -be-forgotten items.
Forgetting as a consequence of retrieval: a meta-analytic review of retrieval-induced forgetting.
TLDR
The first major meta-analysis of retrieval-induced forgetting is conducted, quantitatively evaluating the multitude of findings used to contrast these 2 theoretical viewpoints, and the results largely supported inhibition accounts but also provided some challenging evidence.
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References

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TLDR
Across three experiments, which manipulate which items individuals are cued to recall during retrieval practice and demonstrate that retrievalinduced forgetting can be neutralized when those items do not interfere with the individual's retrieval strategy, results are inconsistent with a purely inhibitory account of retrieval-induced forgetting.
Retrieval from Episodic Memory: Neural Mechanisms of Interference Resolution
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging study investigates the neural processes underlying retrieval-induced forgetting and examines the extent to which these processes are retrieval (i.e., selection) specific.
Remembering can cause forgetting: retrieval dynamics in long-term memory.
TLDR
A critical role for suppression in models of retrieval inhibition and a retrieval-induced forgetting that implicate the retrieval process itself in everyday forgetting are suggested.
Integration as a general boundary condition on retrieval-induced forgetting
When people form connections between several memories that share a common retrieval cue, the tendency for those memories to interfere with one another during later retrieval attempts is often
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Test awareness seems to mediate retrieval-induced forgetting in implicit memory tasks, and this hypothesis predicts similar effects in implicitMemory tasks.
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TLDR
Results are not in line with a general inhibitory account, because this account predicts retrieval-induced forgetting with independent cues, but forgetting was found for both item types when studied categories were used as cues.
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TLDR
Using a procedure in which some cues posed an impossible retrieval task for participants, evidence is reported that the attempt to retrieve, even if unsuccessful, can produce retrieval-induced forgetting, which supports and refines a suppression/inhibitory account of retrieval- induced forgetting.
On recollections lost: When practice makes imperfect
Recent research has demonstrated that the act of remembering can prompt forgetting or, more specifically, the inhibition of specific items in memory (M. C. Anderson & B. A. Spellman, 1995). This line
Gone but Not Forgotten: The Transient Nature of Retrieval-Induced Forgetting
TLDR
Investigating some possible boundary conditions of retrieval-induced forgetting found a critical determinant of temporary forgetting was the interval between guided retrieval practice and a final recall test, which is considered in the wider context of adaptive forgetting.
The influence of distinctive processing on retrieval-induced forgetting
TLDR
Investigation of the relationship between distinctive processing of the original set and retrieval-induced forgetting found that the results are consistent with the view that distinctive processing benefits memory within an organizational context.
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