When documents are destroyed or lost: lay people and archives in the early Middle Ages

  title={When documents are destroyed or lost: lay people and archives in the early Middle Ages},
  author={Warren C. Brown},
  journal={Early Medieval Europe},
In this paper, I discuss some largely unexplored evidence about lay archives in early medieval Europe. This evidence consists of a set of formulae from late Roman, Merovingian, and Carolingian Gaul, and from Carolingian Bavaria. According to these formulae, lay men and women in these regions from the sixth to the ninth centuries kept documents in private archivesbecause they regarded documents as vital to the security of their property holdings. The manuscripts in which the formulae survive… 
Conflict, Letters, and Personal Relationships in the Carolingian Formula Collections
Over the last few decades, scholarship on early medieval conflict has been driven and shaped by the kinds of sources that scholars have used. The different source genres offer their own
Freedom and Unfreedom in Early Medieval Francia: The Evidence of the Legal Formulae
Lack of evidence is one of the most common complaints of early medievalists, especially those who have anything to do with the Merovingian period. In view of this, legal formulae constitute one
Decline, Fall, and Transformation
The essay offers a series of perspectives on the historiography of Late Antiquity. It relates popular indices of continuity, change, and decline to particular systems of moral and aesthetic
Settlement, Taxation and the Condition of the Peasantry in Post-Roman Central Italy
This article considers the development of two features of central Italian society in the post-Roman period (approximately the mid-fifth to the mid-ninth centuries) that have been thought to have
Historical Memory, Authority, and the Written Word: A study of the documentary and literary culture at the early medieval court of Benevento, 700-900 CE
This study examines the documentary and literary culture associated with the court of the Lombard Duchy and Principality of Benevento during the eighth and ninth centuries. More specifically, through
“The Most Blessed Hilary Held an Estate”: Property, Reform, and the Canonical Life in Tenth-Century Aquitaine
This article explores thinking and practice regarding property at houses of canons from the mid-ninth to mid-eleventh centuries, through a case study of the charters of Saint-Hilaire-le-Grand in
On the Gesta municipalia and the Public Validation of Documents in Frankish Europe
The disappearance of the late-Roman gesta municipalia, or municipal document registers, is one of the milestones along the road in Europe that leads from late antiquity to the early Middle Ages.
  • Alice Rio
  • History
    Transactions of the Royal Historical Society
  • 2008
ABSTRACT Our understanding of ties of loyalty and dependence formed at the level of the Carolingian political elite has been much improved by a great deal of excellent recent research. As mutually
"Power and Patronage in Early Medieval Italy : Local Society, Italian Politics and the Abbey of Farfa, c. 700–900", Marios Costambeys, Cambridge 2007 : [recenzja] / Aneta Pieniądz.
1. Introduction 2. Patronage and Lombard rulers 3. Authority, rulership and the abbey 4. The Farfa monks and abbots: identities and affiliations 5. Sabine lands and landowners 6. Elite families in
From Barclay to Brickett: coaching practices and coaching lives in nineteenth and early twentieth century England.
Training and the role of the coach became central to sporting activities during the nineteenth century with the term "coach" appearing in rowing and cricket reports from the 1840s. As in other social


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