When did the consonantal skeleton of the Quran reach closure? Part II

  title={When did the consonantal skeleton of the Quran reach closure? Part II},
  author={Nicolai Sinai},
  journal={Bulletin of The School of Oriental and African Studies-university of London},
  • N. Sinai
  • Published 1 June 2014
  • Linguistics
  • Bulletin of The School of Oriental and African Studies-university of London
The Islamic tradition credits the promulgation of a uniform consonantal skeleton (rasm) of the Quran to the third caliph Uthmān (r. 644-656). However, in recent years various scholars have espoused a conjectural dating of the Quran's codification to the time of Abd al-Malik, or have at least taken the view that the Islamic scripture was open to significant revision up until c. 700 ce. The second instalment of this two-part article surveys arguments against this hypothesis. It concludes that as… 

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