When comprehension difficulty improves memory for text.

  title={When comprehension difficulty improves memory for text.},
  author={Edward J. O'Brien and Jerome L. Myers},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition},

Temporal constraints on the comprehension of motor language. An embodied semantics approach

This paper investigates how language comprehension is modulated by temporal information, marked by time adverbs, and bodily constraints imposed by motor actions. The experiment used a paradigm

Recognition Memory for Easy and Difficult Text

Abstract A recognition memory paradigm was used to study the effect of text difficulty on memory for practical stimuli. In the first two studies, passages drawn from driving regulations were compared

Human learning and memory.

There have been several notable recent trends in the area of learning and memory, with increasing acceptance of the idea that mental models are constructed and stored in memory in addition to, rather than instead of, memorial representations that are more closely tied to perceptions.

Contextual encoding by young and elderly adults as revealed by cued and free recall

Abstract Past research has shown that enriched, elaborative encoding improves memory performance. Two experiments are reported that attempt to assess whether simply encountering a word in a highly

Connecting goals and actions during reading.

The results suggest that reading a sentence can reactivate relevant information from earlier in the text, even when the sentence is coherent with its immediate context and the reactivated information has been backgrounded by several lines of unrelated text.

Character Status as a Constraint on Inference: Some Aspects of the Cognitive Processes Underlying Written Language Interpretation

The scope of recent experimental work on reader inference has been defined by the debate between proponents of minimalism and constructionism. Constructionists (Glenberg and Mathew, 1992; Graesser

Encoding the world around us: Motor-related processing influences verbal memory

Text-Based Manipulation of the Coherence Threshold

ABSTRACT The coherence threshold marks the point at which a reader has gained a sufficient comprehension level to move on in a text. Previous research has demonstrated that the readers’ coherence

Qualitative and quantitative considerations in encoding difficulty effects

The primary finding was that difficult sorting increased recall only for the unrelated list, whereas difficult pleasantness judgments increased recall most robustly for the related list.

Antecedent search processes and the structure of text.

  • E. J. O'Brien
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1987
Four experiments addressed the nature of a search through long-term memory for an antecedent and demonstrated that late antecedents are reinstated more quickly than early antecesents, which is in disagreement with predictions from several search models within the Kintsch and van Dijk framework.



Depth of processing and the retention of words

SUMMARY Ten experiments were designed to explore the levels of processing framework for human memory research proposed by Craik and Lockhart (1972). The basic notions are that the episodic memory

Levels of Processing in Human Memory

Preface. Part 1: Theoretical and Empirical Developments 1. Larry L. Jacoby and Fergus I. M. Craik Effects of Elaboration of Processing at Encoding and Retrieval: Trace Distinctiveness and Recovery of

Toward a model of text comprehension and production.

The semantic structure of texts can be described both at the local microlevel and at a more global macrolevel. A model for text comprehension based on this notion accounts for the formation of a

Processing Depth, Elaboration of Encoding, Memory Stores, and Expended Processing Capacity.

The divided attention technique introduced by W. A. Johnston was used to assess the effects of several factors on expended processing capacity, which was indexed by the slowing of simple reaction

Clause boundaries and recognition latencies for words in sentences

Ss listened to sentences which consisted of two clauses. After the entire sentence was presented, the S either heard (intramodal test) or law (crossmodal test) a word from the sentence (the probe