When cities are the last chance for saving species

@article{Soanes2019WhenCA,
  title={When cities are the last chance for saving species},
  author={Kylie Soanes and Pia Eloise Lentini},
  journal={Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment},
  year={2019}
}
  • K. Soanes, P. Lentini
  • Published 1 April 2019
  • Environmental Science
  • Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Urban environments are arguably among the most suitable targets for conservation science, as they represent opportunities to preserve both species and habitats under threat while at the same time allowing people to engage with nature. We highlight the need for conservation within urban environments using species whose recovery is entirely dependent on effective action within cities and towns. We identified 39 urban‐restricted species in Australia and reviewed the advice guiding their… 

Figures from this paper

The Biological Deserts Fallacy: Cities in Their Landscapes Contribute More than We Think to Regional Biodiversity
TLDR
Five pathways by which cities can benefit regional ecosystems by releasing species from threats in the larger landscape, increasing regional habitat heterogeneity and genetic diversity, acting as migratory stopovers, preadapting species to climate change, and enhancing public engagement and environmental stewardship are identified.
Urban biodiversity management using evolutionary tools
TLDR
A framework for integrating evolutionary principles into the management of urban biodiversity is presented and a suite of example management tools and their potential evolutionary implications are discussed—both their opportunities for and potential consequence to management.
Enablers and challenges when engaging local communities for urban biodiversity conservation in Australian cities
Across all landscape types, environmental managers work with communities to conserve biodiversity. The effectiveness of conservation practice, however, relies on acknowledging differences in
Mammal conservation in a changing world: can urban gardens play a role?
Urbanisation threatens biodiversity globally, yet some animal populations persist within urban landscapes. Conservation of urban wildlife has prioritised parks and remnant bushland as critical
Reframing urban “wildlife” to promote inclusive conservation science and practice
Cities are home to both a majority of the world’s human population, and to a diversity of wildlife. Urban wildlife conservation research and policy has importantly furthered ecological understanding
Saving species beyond the protected area fence: Threats must be managed across multiple land tenure types to secure Australia's endangered species
The main effort to secure threatened species globally is to set aside land and sea for their conservation via governance arrangements such as protected areas. But not even the biggest protected area
Critically Endangered marsupial calls residential gardens home
Urbanization is one of the biggest global threats to biodiversity. However, urban areas can offer opportunities for biodiversity conservation because of the assortment of resources and numerous taxa
Urban conservation gardening in the decade of restoration
Global commitments and policy interventions for conservation have failed to halt widespread declines in plant biodiversity, highlighting an urgent need to engage novel approaches and actors. Here we
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 115 REFERENCES
Key lessons for achieving biodiversity-sensitive cities and towns
Summary Australia's urban landscapes offer opportunities to marry socio-economic and biodiversity conservation objectives. Yet, information is needed on what urban landscape and habitat features
Urban Grassland Restoration: A Neglected Opportunity for Biodiversity Conservation
TLDR
It is argued that besides all challenges associated with the restoration of urban habitats the authors should urgently proceed in the development of appropriate and effective restoration approaches and communicate knowledge gained to urban planners and stakeholders.
Conservation Where People Live and Work
Abstract: Effective conservation planning requires information from well‐designed studies across a spectrum of land uses, ranging from wildlands to highly modified production landscapes and large
Urban awareness and attitudes toward conservation: A first look at Canada's cities
Cities are hotspots for threatened species
Aim Although urbanization impacts many species, there is little information on the patterns of occurrences of threatened species in urban relative to non-urban areas. By assessing the extent of the
Outstanding challenges for urban conservation research and action
Urban Biodiversity Gains New Converts
Nature is being brought back into urban life—and that bodes well for efforts to conserve global diversity. Cities are supporting a range of efforts, including restoring watersheds; expanding and
Local Land‐Use Planning to Conserve Biodiversity: Planners’ Perspectives on What Works
TLDR
To advance biodiversity conservation in local land-use planning, conservation biologists should investigate and educate the public about local conservation flagships and human benefits of local biodiversity, work to raise ecological literacy and explain biodiversity more effectively to the public, and promote collaboration on biodiversity conservation among jurisdictions and inclusion of biodiversity specialists in planning departments.
...
...