When are neighbours ‘dear enemies’ and when are they not? The responses of territorial male variegated pupfish, Cyprinodon variegatus, to neighbours, strangers and heterospecifics

@article{Leiser2003WhenAN,
  title={When are neighbours ‘dear enemies’ and when are they not? The responses of territorial male variegated pupfish, Cyprinodon variegatus, to neighbours, strangers and heterospecifics},
  author={John K. Leiser},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2003},
  volume={65},
  pages={453-462}
}
  • J. Leiser
  • Published 1 March 2003
  • Psychology
  • Animal Behaviour
Abstract Dear enemy recognition reduces the costs of territorial defence in some species, but not others, when a neighbour is more threatening to a resident's fitness than an intruder. I asked whether dear enemy effects were fixed in a particular species, or if the reduced aggression between a resident and neighbour was disrupted by the presence of potential mating opportunities. Observing variegated pupfish, Cyprinodon variegatus , in the field and in the laboratory, I examined the effects of… 

Responses to neighbours and non-neighbours in the buff-banded rail (Gallirallus philippensis): no dear-enemy relationships

No evidence for the dear-enemy phenomenon was found in an insular population of territory-holding buff-banded rails and males and females were shown to differ qualitatively in their general territorial response to intruders, suggesting that the relative threats posed by neighbours and non-neighbours do not differ between the sexes.

Dear Enemies Elicit Lower Androgen Responses to Territorial Challenges than Unfamiliar Intruders in a Cichlid Fish

It is suggested that the dear enemy effect modulates the androgen response to territorial intrusions and that repeated intrusions lead to a habituation of the androgens response.

Vocal behaviour reveals asymmetries in neighbour relationships in a semi-colonial raptor, the Eurasian Scops Owl Otus scops

Territorial animals often reduce aggression towards familiar neighbours compared to unfamiliar conspecifics. However, variation in the response to different neighbours is less known. In this work, I

Tit for Tat in the Dear Enemy Relationship Between Territorial Females of a Cichlid Fish

Focal fish attacked invading neighbours as frequently as invading strangers, but they immediately stopped attacking the dear neighbour after the neighbour returned to its own territory, whereas they kept attacking strangers even after they stopped invading.

‘Nasty neighbours’ rather than ‘dear enemies’ in a social carnivore

It is suggested that increased aggression towards neighbours is more common in social species with intense competition between neighbours, as opposed to reduced aggression against neighbours typical for most solitary species.
...

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