When Veterans Return: The Role of Community in Reintegration

  title={When Veterans Return: The Role of Community in Reintegration},
  author={Anne L. Demers},
  journal={Journal of Loss and Trauma},
  pages={160 - 179}
  • Anne L. Demers
  • Published 23 March 2011
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Loss and Trauma
Experiences of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans were explored to understand the challenges of reintegrating into civilian life and the impact on mental health. Respondents completed preliminary electronic surveys and participated in one of six focus groups. High levels of distress exist among veterans who are caught between military and civilian cultures, feeling alienated from family and friends, and experiencing a crisis of identity. Narrative is identified as a means of resolution… 
From Death to Life
Experiences of 17 female Iraq War veterans were explored to understand the challenges of reintegrating into civilian life and the impact on mental health. All respondents completed preliminary
The Experience of Women Veterans Coming Back from War.
A qualitative investigation that applies an ecological strengths-based perspective to veterans' experience of reintegration into civilian life
ABSTRACT Reintegration to civilian life continues to be challenging for many veterans despite numerous programs that were developed to assist with this process. Emerging literature suggests veteran
The Transition Experiences of British Military Veterans
The aim of the current research was to investigate the transition experiences of British military veterans upon exiting the military and re-joining civilian society, asking the specific research
Easing the journey home: creating sanctuary for military veterans
ABSTRACT While most recovery programmes serving veterans include evidence-based treatment practices for PTSD and substance use, they overlook two essential elements of healing that are specific to
Sense of Community: Is it a Protective Factor for Military Veterans?
ABSTRACT Veteran community reintegration (VCR) difficulties impact personal, interpersonal, educational/occupational, and community aspects of returning military service members. Sense of community
Stories of transition: US Veterans’ narratives of transition to civilian life and the important role of identity
  • M. Keeling
  • Psychology
    Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health
  • 2018
Introduction: To date, investigations of Veterans’ transition to civilian life after military service have tended to focus on the experiences of those with mental or physical health difficulties or
Transitioning to civilian life: The importance of social group engagement and identity among Australian Defence Force veterans
Engaging with supportive social groups can support transition to civilian life and improve reintegration via effective linkage with programmes that offer supportive social networks and draw upon veterans' desire to give back to community.
Service Members’ Perspectives on Treatment: Bridging the Military-Civilian Divide
The difficulties some service members have reintegrating into and reconnecting with civilian society are well established across the literature. Despite the veteran’s voices describing these
Out of uniform: psychosocial issues experienced and coping mechanisms used by Veterans during the military–civilian transition
The majority of Veterans relied on two coping mechanisms: social support and family support to remedy their psychosocial problems, and among those released voluntarily, the main problem spheres are mental health, social, family, and financial.


Coming Home: A Group-Based Approach for Assisting Military Veterans in Transition
This study is an evaluation of the Veterans Transition Program, a residential, group-based program designed to assist the transition of military personnel back into Canadian society by aiding with
Combat exposure and adult psychosocial adjustment among U.S. Army veterans serving in Vietnam, 1965-1971.
Exposure to traumatic events during late adolescence or early adulthood is associated with multiple adult adjustment problems in vocational, interpersonal, and societal functioning and treatment focusing on the effects of the trauma is likely to be necessary but not sufficient for improving affected veterans' behavior.
Re-Entry and Reintegration: Returning Home after Combat
Key elements include: inclusion of families and communities early into the planning for reentry and reintegration; normalization (non-medicalization of distress); easy access to behavioral health professionals; and education of families on resources and benefits.
World War II veterans, social support, and veterans' associations
It is shown that social support is an important lifelong coping strategy for World War II veterans and during the war comradeship was particularly important.
Combat Level and Social Support in the Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Vietnam Veterans
Results found that veterans who received high social support reported fewer symptoms, and veterans with high combat trauma reported more symptoms, suggesting little relationship to PTSD symptoms.
A Re-Entry Program for Peacekeeping Soldiers: Promoting Personal and Career Transition
A re-entry program for peacekeeping soldiers is described. This program was developed to assist with military personnel's transition back into Canadian society by aiding with their personal and
Development of CRIS: measure of community reintegration of injured service members.
The Community Reintegration for Service Members (CRIS) measure has strong reliability, conceptual integrity, and construct validity, and it was found that subjects with posttraumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, or mental health problems had worse scores than subjects without these conditions.
Psychological resilience and postdeployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
Interventions to bolster psychological resilience and postdeployment social support may help reduce the severity of traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in OEF/OIF veterans.
A cluster analysis of symptom patterns and adjustment in Vietnam combat veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder.
Results provide support for the theoretical concept of malignant PTSD and suggest that veterans with chronic PTSD are not homogenous, whereas some manifest extreme levels of both functional impairment and PTSD symptomatology, others exhibit markedly less functional impairment despite manifesting clinically significant levels of PTSD.
Risk factors for course of posttraumatic stress disorder among Vietnam veterans: a 14-year follow-up of American Legionnaires.
Findings suggest recovery from PTSD is significantly influenced by perceived social support, and combat exposure predicted PTSD course more strongly than any other risk factor.