When Slaves were Nobles: The Shamsî Bandagân in the Early Delhi Sultanate

@article{Kumar1994WhenSW,
  title={When Slaves were Nobles: The Shams{\^i} Bandag{\^a}n in the Early Delhi Sultanate},
  author={Sunil Kumar},
  journal={Studies in History},
  year={1994},
  volume={10},
  pages={23 - 52}
}
The ubiquitous presence of military slaves has been a distinguishing feature of the armies and the political systems of the Abbâsid Caliphs and the succeeding Sultanates in Islamdom. In the middle ages, the Seljuqid wazir Nizam al-Mulk Tusi and the scholar Ibn Khaldun had separately commented on the virtues of the system of ’recruiting’ slaves to consolidate the political strength of a monarch. Ibn K_haldun had astutely noticed that military slaves (ghilminlmamiliklbandagdn; singular… Expand

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