When Scalability Meets Consistency: Genuine Multiversion Update-Serializable Partial Data Replication

Abstract

In this article we introduce GMU, a genuine partial replication protocol for transactional systems, which exploits an innovative, highly scalable, distributed multiversioning scheme. Unlike existing multiversion-based solutions, GMU does not rely on a global logical clock, which represents a contention point and can limit system scalability. Also, GMU never aborts read-only transactions and spares them from distributed validation schemes. This makes GMU particularly efficient in presence of read-intensive workloads, as typical of a wide range of real-world applications. GMU guarantees the Extended Update Serializability (EUS) isolation level. This consistency criterion is particularly attractive as it is sufficiently strong to ensure correctness even for very demanding applications (such as TPC-C), but is also weak enough to allow efficient and scalable implementations, such as GMU. Further, unlike several relaxed consistency models proposed in literature, EUS has simple and intuitive semantics, thus being an attractive, scalable consistency model for ordinary programmers. We integrated the GMU protocol in a popular open source in-memory transactional data grid, namely Infinispan. On the basis of a large scale experimental study performed on heterogeneous experimental platforms and using industry standard benchmarks (namely TPC-C and YCSB), we show that GMU achieves linear scalability and that it introduces negligible overheads (less than 10%), with respect to solutions ensuring non-serializable semantics, in a wide range of workloads.

DOI: 10.1109/ICDCS.2012.55

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@article{Peluso2012WhenSM, title={When Scalability Meets Consistency: Genuine Multiversion Update-Serializable Partial Data Replication}, author={Sebastiano Peluso and Pedro Ruivo and Paolo Romano and Francesco Quaglia and Lu{\'i}s E. T. Rodrigues}, journal={2012 IEEE 32nd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems}, year={2012}, pages={455-465} }