When High-Powered People Fail

@article{Beilock2005WhenHP,
  title={When High-Powered People Fail},
  author={S. Beilock and T. Carr},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2005},
  volume={16},
  pages={101 - 105}
}
We examined the relation between pressure-induced performance decrements, or “choking under pressure,” in mathematical problem solving and individual differences in working memory capacity. In cognitively based academic skills such as math, pressure is thought to harm performance by reducing the working memory capacity available for skill execution. Results demonstrated that only individuals high in working memory capacity were harmed by performance pressure, and, furthermore, these skill… Expand

Paper Mentions

Working memory capacity, controlled attention and aiming performance under pressure
The effect of pressure on high- and low-working-memory students: an elaboration of the choking under pressure hypothesis.
Diagnosing and alleviating the impact of performance pressure on mathematical problem solving
Performance-approach goals deplete working memory and impair cognitive performance.
The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Math Performance
Individuals lower in working memory capacity are particularly vulnerable to anxiety's disruptive effect on performance
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