When Do Scientists Become Entrepreneurs? The Social Structural Antecedents of Commercial Activity in the Academic Life Sciences1

  title={When Do Scientists Become Entrepreneurs? The Social Structural Antecedents of Commercial Activity in the Academic Life Sciences1},
  author={Toby E. Stuart and Waverly W. Ding},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={97 - 144}
The authors examine the conditions prompting university‐employed life scientists to become entrepreneurs, defined to occur when a scientist (1) founds a biotechnology company, or (2) joins the scientific advisory board of a new biotechnology firm. This study draws on theories of social influence, socialization, and status dynamics to examine how proximity to colleagues in commercial science influences individuals’ propensity to transition to entrepreneurship. To expose the mechanisms at work… Expand
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