When Debunking Scientific Myths Fails (and When It Does Not)

  title={When Debunking Scientific Myths Fails (and When It Does Not)},
  author={Christina Peter and Thomas Koch},
  journal={Science Communication},
  pages={25 - 3}
When reporting scientific information, journalists often present common myths that are refuted with scientific facts. However, correcting misinformation this way is often not only ineffective but can increase the likelihood that people misremember it as true. We test this backfire effect in the context of journalistic coverage and examine how to counteract it. In a web-based experiment, we find evidence for a systematic backfire effect that occurs after a few minutes and strengthens after five… 
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Searching for the Backfire Effect: Measurement and Design Considerations☆
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OP-JNLC200036 646..669
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  • B. Hilbig
  • Psychology
    Experimental psychology
  • 2012
Overall, results replicate and extend the negatively-biased framing effect in truth judgments and show that processing fluency may account for it.