When Computers Were Women

  title={When Computers Were Women},
  author={Jennifer S. Light},
  journal={Technology and Culture},
  pages={455 - 483}
  • J. Light
  • Published 1 July 1999
  • Engineering
  • Technology and Culture
L'auteur retablit la verite sur l'histoire des femmes a l'aube de l'ere informatique, d'une part afin de corriger le dossier sur l'ENIAC a l'universite de Pennsylvanie et pour explorer les presupposes sexistes qui subsistent dans le monde professionnel. La deuxieme guerre mondiale a indirectement donne l'acces aux femmes a des metiers scientifiques et technologiques alors reserves jusque la aux hommes. Mise a part une net progression au niveau des responsabilites octroyees, ici en l'occurence… 

Figures from this paper

La construction sociale de l’image de l’informatique
Cet article résume le chapitre « Femmes et ordinateurs » de Rita Bencivenga (2014) dans Femmes et hommes devant l’ordinateur. Histoire du développement d’une relation positive, Paris, L’Harmattan, et
Voluntarism and the Fruits of Collaboration: The IBM User Group, Share
Ce groupe fonde par des utilisateurs de l'ordinateur central IBM 704 et ensuite 709, se developpa en reponse a un manque de donnees techniques dans une industrie relativement recente, mais aussi une
Connecting Women
Cross-analysing the problem of ICT with women and gender’s roles on a long-term perspective, as this collective book aspires to do, may seem challenging. As described in some pioneering historical
Mujeres en TIC: una historia de pioneras ocultas/menoscabadas y omisiones en la bibliografía=Women in ICT: A history of hidden/undermined pioneers and omissions in bibliography
  • Gabriela P. Henning
  • Philosophy, Political Science
    Cuestiones de género: de la igualdad y la diferencia
  • 2020
ResumenEste trabajo analiza algunas dimensiones de la brecha de género en el campo de las TIC. Ésta no puede comprenderse en forma cabal, si no se reconoce cuál ha sido la historia de la mujer en la
She’s Geeky: The Performance of Identity among Women Working in IT
This paper offers a critical examination of the ways in which female IT professionals take up a geek identity. Since the postwar period, computing has been associated with masculinity. During the
De la exclusión a la autoinclusión de las mujeres en las TIC. Motivaciones, posibilitadores y mecanismos de autoinclusión From exclusion to self-inclusion of women in ICT. Motivations, enablers and mechanisms of self-inclusion
La investigacion sobre la participacion de las mujeres en las TIC alerta de que la brecha digital de genero persiste. Frente a ello, la mayoria de estudios se siguen concentrando en explicar los
“I suppose I’ll be patching you up, as usual”: Women’s roles and normative femininity in a team-based video game
Women are often viewed as outsiders in the videogaming environment, particularly in first-person shooter games. Perceived infringement on an overwhelmingly masculine space pushes women to the margins
A Voice of Process: Re-Presencing the Gendered Labor of Apollo Innovation
From Ada Lovelace to Margaret Hamilton, retelling the stories of previously unrecognized women can broaden histories of technology and challenge the dominant imaginary of innovation today. These
Why Don’t Women Program? Exploring Links between Gender, Technology and Software
The main question to be discussed in this article is: Why do women not program? In other words, why, in an activity that appears similar to others where women have gained ground, one cannot find an


Experiences and Voices of Eugenics Field-Workers: `Women's Work' in Biology
  • A. Bix
  • History
    Social studies of science
  • 1997
Experiences and ideas of eugenic `field-workers' offer a new historical perspective on American eugenics, while highlighting terms of women's early twentieth-century scientific education and research
Laundrymen construct their world : Gender and the transformation of a domestic task to an industrial process
La blanchisserie est en regle generale un travail reserve aux femmes. Cependant, depuis la fin du XIX e siecle, de nombreux hommes entrent dans le commerce de la blanchisserie en controlant son
Preparing for the Duties and Practical Business of Life': Technological Knowledge and Social Structure in Mid-19th-Century Philadelphia
En analysant l'acquisition de la connaissance technologique ou de l'enseignement technique, l'A. etudie les interconnections entre les changements sociaux et technologiques qui ont contribue a
Creative Couples in the Sciences
Can two scientists work and live together? Marie and Pierre Curie proved that it was indeed possible to have a happy marriage and do brilliant research together. This collection of seventeen original
Versatile Tools: Gender Analysis and the History of Technology
This volume introduces a new generation of historical scholarship. Historians of technology have long encouraged each other to find ways to broaden studies of technology: to incorporate women's
The Matthew Matilda Effect in Science
Recent work has brought to light so many cases, historical and contemporary, of women scientists who have been ignored, denied credit or otherwise dropped from sight that a sex-linked phenomenon
Beyond the Typewriter: Gender, Class, and the Origins of Modern American Office Work, 1900-1930
By World War I, managers wanted young women with some high school education for new "light manufacturing" jobs in the office. Women could be paid significantly less than men with equivalent
The Shoulders We Stand On and the View from Here: Historiography and Directions for Research
Our approaches to "gender and technology" are unabashedly interdisciplinary. Scholars studying technology and scholars explicating gender systems have provided us with a versatile set of tools for
Mobilizing Woman for War: German and American Propaganda, 1939-1945
Leila Rupp has written a carefully documented, informative, and fascinating book. The single most useful analytical tool that Rupp develops is a distinction between sex roles, which "are based on
Why History Matters: Life and Thought
"All human beings are practicing historians," writes Gerda Lerner. "We live our lives; we tell our stories. It is as natural as breathing." It is as important as breathing, too. History shapes our