When Asking “Why” Does Not Hurt Distinguishing Rumination From Reflective Processing of Negative Emotions

  title={When Asking “Why” Does Not Hurt Distinguishing Rumination From Reflective Processing of Negative Emotions},
  author={Ethan Kross and Ozlem Ayduk and Walter Mischel},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={709 - 715}
Two experiments examined the psychological operations that enable individuals to process negative emotions and experiences without increasing negative affect. In Study 1, type of self-perspective (self-immersed vs. self-distanced) and type of emotional focus (what vs. why) were experimentally manipulated following the recall of an anger-eliciting interpersonal experience. A why focus on emotions from a self-distanced perspective (distanced-why strategy) was expected to enable “cool,” reflective… 

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