What we do not know about ADHD… yet

  title={What we do not know about ADHD… yet},
  author={Bridget Kiely and Andrew Adesman},
  journal={Current Opinion in Pediatrics},
Purpose of review This article provides an overview of current controversies in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) research, with an emphasis on recent findings that are directly relevant to clinical practice. Recent findings Over the past few years, a number of studies have added key evidence to ongoing debates about the epidemiology, nosology, and treatment of ADHD. Although the causes of the rising prevalence of ADHD in the USA are still not fully understood, recent research… 

Why the Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Matters

Strong partnerships between clinicians and patients with ADHD may be the best way to reduce the negative impacts of this disorder and more basic and clinical research will improve methods of diagnosis and information dissemination.

The Utility of the CPT in the Diagnosis of ADHD in Individuals with Substance Abuse: A Systematic Review

The CPT might be sensitive to attentional deficits, but it lacks specificity for the classification of adult ADHD, SUD, or their comorbidity, and the CPT is thus not useful in discriminatingComorbid ADHD and SUD from either disorder alone.

Managing Complexity: Exploring Decision Making on Medication by Young Adults with ADHD

For counselling at the pharmacy and by prescribers, it is important to be aware of the different factors that affect young adult patients’ decisions on whether to take ADHD medication or not, to understand reasons for non-adherence and to determine appropriate treatment for the individual patient.

Information System for Symptom Diagnosis and Improvement of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Protocol for a Nonrandomized Controlled Pilot Study

Background Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders during childhood; however, the diagnosis procedure remains challenging, as it is

Pilot Study: An Ocular Biomarker for Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The different patterns of macular thickness might represent the immature cortical thickness of the brain in children with ADHD.

Pupil Size Tracks Attentional Performance In Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Pupil size correlated with the subjects’ performance and reaction time variability, two vastly studied indicators of attention, and was modulated by medication, suggesting that pupil size could serve as a biomarker in ADHD.



Practitioner Review: What have we learnt about the causes of ADHD?

This review critically considers putative risk factors with a focus on genetics and selected environmental risks, examines their relationships with ADHD and discusses the likelihood that these risks are causal as well as some of the main implications.

ADHD pharmacogenetics across the life cycle: New findings and perspectives

  • E. M. BruxelG. C. Akutagava-Martins L. Rohde
  • Biology
    American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics : the official publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics
  • 2014
A systematic review of the literature on ADHD pharmacogenetics is presented to provide a critical discussion of the existent findings, new approaches, limitations, and recommendations for future research.

Evaluating the Evidence For and Against the Overdiagnosis of ADHD

There does not appear to be sufficient justification for the conclusion that ADHD is systematically overdiagnosed, and this conclusion is generally not reflected in public perceptions or media coverage of ADHD.

A Review of Neurofeedback Treatment for Pediatric ADHD

It is concluded that NF for pediatric ADHD can be currently considered as “probably efficacious” and based on the results and methodologies of published studies, this review concludes.

The Second Attention Disorder? Sluggish Cognitive Tempo vs. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Update for Clinicians

It seems likely that a constellation of characteristic features of SCT may form the criteria for a newly defined childhood disorder in the foreseeable future, provided limitations in the extant findings can be addressed by future research.

Effect of stimulants on height and weight: a review of the literature.

Treatment with stimulants in childhood modestly reduced expected height and weight and more work is needed to clarify the effects of continuous treatment from childhood to adulthood.

Is ADHD diagnosed in accord with diagnostic criteria? Overdiagnosis and influence of client gender on diagnosis.

It is suggested that overdiagnosis of ADHD occurs in clinical routine and that the patient's gender influences diagnosis considerably, and thorough diagnostic training might help therapists to avoid these biases.

Complementary and alternative therapies for children and adolescents with ADHD

Most complementary and alternative treatments do not have adequate research to recommend their use in children with ADHD, and physicians should be aware of the many CAM treatment options and the research surrounding them.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment

Psychiatric practitioners, seasoned and new alike, should welcome the recent publication of the third edition of Russell Barkley’s classic textbook on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Do Stimulants Protect Against Psychiatric Disorders in Youth With ADHD? A 10-Year Follow-up Study

Evidence is found that stimulant treatment decreases the risk for subsequent comorbid psychiatric disorders and academic failure in youth with ADHD.