What we do and don't know about 'race', 'ethnicity', genetics and health at the dawn of the genome era

  title={What we do and don't know about 'race', 'ethnicity', genetics and health at the dawn of the genome era},
  author={Francis S. Collins},
  journal={Nature Genetics},
  volume={36 Suppl 1},
  • F. Collins
  • Published 1 November 2004
  • Medicine
  • Nature Genetics
A true understanding of disease risk requires a thorough examination of root causes. 'Race' and 'ethnicity' are poorly defined terms that serve as flawed surrogates for multiple environmental and genetic factors in disease causation, including ancestral geographic origins, socioeconomic status, education and access to health care. Research must move beyond these weak and imperfect proxy relationships to define the more proximate factors that influence health. 
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