What was the Cause of Nietzsche's Dementia?

@article{Sax2003WhatWT,
  title={What was the Cause of Nietzsche's Dementia?},
  author={Leonard Sax},
  journal={Journal of Medical Biography},
  year={2003},
  volume={11},
  pages={47 - 54}
}
  • L. Sax
  • Published 1 February 2003
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Medical Biography
Many scholars have argued that Nietzsche's dementia was caused by syphilis. A careful review of the evidence suggests that this consensus is probably incorrect. The syphilis hypothesis is not compatible with most of the evidence available. Other hypotheses — such as slowly growing right-sided retro-orbital meningioma — provide a more plausible fit to the evidence. 
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The neurological illness of Friedrich
Background : Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), one of the most profound and influential modern philosophers, suffered since his very childhood from severe migraine. At 44 he had a mental breakdownExpand
The neurological illness of Friedrich Nietzsche.
BACKGROUND Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), one of the most profound and influential modern philosophers, suffered since his very childhood from severe migraine. At 44 he had a mental breakdownExpand
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900): A classical case of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome?
  • C. Koszka
  • Medicine
  • Journal of medical biography
  • 2009
TLDR
It is suggested that Friedrich Nietzsche suffered from mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes syndrome, which is similar to syphilis. Expand
THE MADNESS OF DIONYSUS: A NEUROSURGICAL PERSPECTIVE ON FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE
TLDR
A close examination of Nietzsche's symptomatic progression and neurological signs reveals a clinical course consistent with a large, slow growing, right-sided cranial base lesion, such as a medial sphenoid wing meningioma. Expand
The pathophysiology of CADASIL: studies in a Scottish cohort
TLDR
Vasoreactivity was associated with the number of lacunes and brain atrophy, as were carotid intima-media thickness, vessel stiffness, and age, and this suggests vasoreactivity may have potential as a therapeutic target, or a biomarker, in CADASIL patients. Expand
Friedrich Nietzsche and his Illness: A Neurophilosophical Approach to Introspection
TLDR
A hypothesis is formulated supporting that CADASIL presenting with symptoms of bipolar disorder and Gastaut-Geschwind syndrome would contribute to the increased insight and creativity of a philosopher whose perceptions and intuitions often bear out the results of modern neuroscience. Expand
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