What songbirds teach us about learning

@article{Brainard2002WhatST,
  title={What songbirds teach us about learning},
  author={Michael S. Brainard and A. J. Doupe},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2002},
  volume={417},
  pages={351-358}
}
Bird fanciers have known for centuries that songbirds learn their songs. This learning has striking parallels to speech acquisition: like humans, birds must hear the sounds of adults during a sensitive period, and must hear their own voice while learning to vocalize. With the discovery and investigation of discrete brain structures required for singing, songbirds are now providing insights into neural mechanisms of learning. Aided by a wealth of behavioural observations and species diversity… Expand
Functional aspects of song learning in songbirds.
TLDR
It is argued that further insights into the evolution and ecology of song learning will require that comparative data and functional hypotheses be analyzed in a phylogenetic context, and it is reviewed recent studies that might be the first steps in this process. Expand
A duetting perspective on avian song learning
TLDR
It is suggested that focusing research efforts on duetting species could significantly advance the understanding of vocal learning in birds and further cement the importance of avian species as models for understanding human conversations and the processes of vocallearning more broadly. Expand
Neural Circuits Underlying Vocal Learning in Songbirds
Songbirds have become the most prominent animal model to reveal the neural mechanisms underlying vocal learning. Similar to other forms of sensorimotor learning, vocal learning in songbirds entailsExpand
Vocal learning in birds and humans.
TLDR
A review of some of the salient anatomical, developmental, and behavioral features of vocal learning, alongside parallels and differences between vocal learning in songbirds and humans are reviewed. Expand
Song learning and plasticity in songbirds
TLDR
This review highlights important research on behavioral and neural plasticity at multiple timescales, from song development in juveniles to lifelong modifications of learned song. Expand
Early Auditory Experience Modifies Neuronal Firing Properties in the Zebra Finch Auditory Cortex
TLDR
It is found that auditory isolation from tutor songs alters developmental changes in the proportions of firing neurons both in males and females, and also changes those of burst neurons differently between males that sing and females that do not. Expand
The Neuroethology of Birdsong
Over the past decades, research into the vocal communication system of songbirds has flourished. Research has spanned many levels of analysis, from broad evolutionary analyses of song production andExpand
Neural mechanisms of birdsong memory
The process through which young male songbirds learn the characteristics of the songs of an adult male of their own species has strong similarities with speech acquisition in human infants. BothExpand
Patterns of Learning, Memory, and Vocal Production in the Songbird Brain
Publisher Summary The songbird provides a potential laboratory for studying sensorimotor learning on the systems level, which is not well-understood, despite great progress in understanding the roleExpand
Vocal Performance and Sensorimotor Learning in Songbirds
Since the pioneering studies of William Thorpe and Peter Marler, songbirds and their songs have served continuously as an inspirational muse to behavioral biologists (Catchpole and Slater, 2008;Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 98 REFERENCES
Auditory feedback in learning and maintenance of vocal behaviour
TLDR
Some of the processes that contribute to song learning and production are reviewed, with an emphasis on the role of auditory feedback and some of the possible neural substrates involved in these processes, particularly basal ganglia circuitry. Expand
Selection-based learning in bird song development.
  • D. A. Nelson, P. Marler
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1994
TLDR
Experimental evidence now indicates an alternative form of plasticity operating in harmony with sensorimotor learning, based on principles of selection, rather than instruction, on the basis of selection in bird song. Expand
Development of neural selectivity for birdsong during vocal learning
  • S. Volman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
  • 1993
TLDR
During song learning the response properties of HVC neurons appear to be dynamically modified, perhaps by auditory feedback from the bird's own vocalizations, both for song learning and for song perception in adult birds. Expand
Birdsong and human speech: common themes and mechanisms.
TLDR
Human speech and birdsong have numerous parallels, with striking similarities in how sensory experience is internalized and used to shape vocal outputs, and how learning is enhanced during a critical period of development. Expand
Decrystallization of adult birdsong by perturbation of auditory feedback
TLDR
Evidence is presented that auditory feedback is actively used in adulthood to maintain the stability of song structure in adult zebra finches, and that adult birds that do not learn new songs nevertheless retain a significant amount of plasticity in the brain. Expand
Social context modulates singing-related neural activity in the songbird forebrain
TLDR
It is shown that, in the adult zebra finch, the pattern of singing-related neural activity in several high-level brain areas specialized for song learning is dependent on whether a bird sings by itself or to another bird; thus, this activity can indicate not only that a bird is singing but also the social context of the song. Expand
Anatomical and synaptic substrates for avian song learning.
TLDR
The hypothesis that develpmental and/or seasonal changes in NMDA receptor function and the availability of new synapses may modulate thresholds for plasticity and thereby define sensitive periods for vocal learning is discussed. Expand
Adult Bengalese finches (Lonchura striata var. domestica) require real-time auditory feedback to produce normal song syntax.
TLDR
The Bengalese finch is a close-ended learner that produces considerably variable songs as an adult; deafening adult finches resulted in development of abnormal song syntax in as little as 5 days; and there was considerable individual variation in the degree of song deterioration after deafening. Expand
Circuits, hormones, and learning: vocal behavior in songbirds.
TLDR
New data on the architecture of the song system is described that suggests strong similarities between the songbird vocal control system and neural circuits for memory, cognition, and use-dependent plasticity in the mammalian brain. Expand
Song- and Order-Selective Neurons in the Songbird Anterior Forebrain and their Emergence during Vocal Development
  • A. Doupe
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Journal of Neuroscience
  • 1997
TLDR
The auditory response properties of neurons in the anterior forebrain (AF) pathway of the songbird brain were investigated and provided one of the clearest examples of experience-dependent acquisition of complex stimulus selectivity. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...