What one intelligence test measures: a theoretical account of the processing in the Raven Progressive Matrices Test.

  title={What one intelligence test measures: a theoretical account of the processing in the Raven Progressive Matrices Test.},
  author={Patricia A. Carpenter and Marcel Adam Just and Popy Shell},
  journal={Psychological review},
  volume={97 3},
The cognitive processes in a widely used, nonverbal test of analytic intelligence, the Raven Progressive Matrices Test (Raven, 1962), are analyzed in terms of which processes distinguish between higher scoring and lower scoring subjects and which processes are common to all subjects and all items on the test. The analysis is based on detailed performance characteristics, such as verbal protocols, eye-fixation patterns, and errors. The theory is expressed as a pair of computer simulation models… 

Generation speed in Raven's progressive matrices test

Construct Validity and Cognitive Diagnostic Assessment

Reasoning Test The ART was developed by Embretson (1995) using the cognitive design system approach. ART items are matrix completion problems. Matrix completion problems appear on a variety of

Raven's Matrices and Working Memory: A Dual-Task Approach

The application to this problem of the concurrent task methodology used widely in developing the concept of multicomponent working memory is explored and it is concluded that this and related concurrent task techniques hold considerable promise for the analysis of Raven's matrices and potentially for other established psychometric tests.

Analyzing Raven's Intelligence Test: Cognitive Model, Demand, and Complexity

It is argued that in addition to visual and formal reasoning difficulty the way information is processed in the modular structure of the human mind should be taken into account.

Attention and Intelligence: The Validity of the Star Counting Test.

The mechanisms underlying performance on the Star Counting Test (SCT) and its nomothetic span were investigated along with the relationships between working memory capacity, fluid intelligence (Gf),

The Relationship between Working Memory Capacity and Strategy Use on Tests of General Fluid Intelligence

Despite many studies showing that high WMC individuals perform better on analytic reasoning and problem solving tasks, the cognitive mechanisms underlying these relationships are still poorly

Enhanced visual processing contributes to matrix reasoning in autism

Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to explore the neural bases of autistics' RSPM problem solving and displayed relatively increased task‐related activity in extrastriate areas, and decreased activity in the lateral prefrontal cortex and medial posterior parietal cortex, suggesting visual processing mechanisms may play a more prominent role in reasoning in autistics.




This largely.theoretical discussion attempts to show how the "factors" identified in factor-analytic studies of cognitive abilities can be interpreted. in.termS of current theories anu perimental

Manual for Raven's progressive matrices and vocabulary scales

The item-banked version of Raven's APM delivers a set of 23 matrices randomly selected from a recommend RAVEN'S Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM). Manual. Additionally, research suggests a strong

Cognitive coordinate systems: accounts of mental rotation and individual differences in spatial ability.

This paper provides a detailed theoretical account of the mental rotation of individuals of low and high spatial ability as they solve problems taken from psychometric tests as two related computer simulation models that not only solve the problems, but also match the response times for the two groups.


Summary. Following Hunt's (1975) analysis of the Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM) test, an attempt was made to identify and train two strategies for solving RPM problems. Four training groups were

The influence of cognitive psychology on testing

The very idea of abstract problem solving seems to be related to Western European schooling (Cole & Scribner, 1974) . While this may be true , it does beg a very important point. The Western European

The functional equivalence of problem solving skills

  • H. Simon
  • Computer Science
    Cognitive Psychology
  • 1975

Unities in inductive reasoning

Abstract : Two experiments sought to discover sources of communalities in performance on three inductive reasoning tasks: analogies, series completions, and classifications. In Experiment 1, 30