What makes self-help interventions effective in the management of depressive symptoms? Meta-analysis and meta-regression

  title={What makes self-help interventions effective in the management of depressive symptoms? Meta-analysis and meta-regression},
  author={Judith Gellatly and Peter Bower and Sue Hennessy and David A. Richards and Simon Gilbody and Karina Lovell},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  pages={1217 - 1228}
ABSTRACT Background Although self-help interventions are effective in treating depression, less is known about the factors that determine effectiveness (i.e. moderators of effect). This study sought to determine whether the content of self-help interventions, the study populations or aspects of study design were the most important moderators. Method Randomized trials of the effectiveness of self-help interventions versus controls in the treatment of depressive symptoms were identified using… 

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The clinical effectiveness of guided self-help versus waiting-list control in the management of anxiety and depression: a randomized controlled trial

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Process and Outcome of a Non-Guided Self-Help Manual for Anxiety and Depression in Primary Care: A Pilot Study

The study does not support the hypothesis that non-guided self-help is superior to waiting list control in the treatment of anxiety and/or depression in primary care.

Self-help books for depression: how can practitioners and patients make the right choice?

  • L. AndersonG. Lewis C. Williams
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
  • 2005
There is weak evidence that suggests that bibliotherapy, based on a cognitive behavioural therapy approach is useful for some people when they are given some additional guidance in the treatment of depression.

Providing information about the effectiveness of treatment options to depressed people in the community: a randomized controlled trial of effects on mental health literacy, help-seeking and symptoms

Providing people who are depressed with evidence on which treatments work produces some changes in attitudes and behaviour, but this intervention may need to be enhanced if it is to produce symptom change.

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Patients with common mental disorders, especially those with milder forms of the condition, who received the educational material had a higher recovery rate than patients who do not receive such education.

Delivering Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Mild to Moderate Depression via the Internet: Predicting Outcome at 6-Month Follow-Up

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