What makes narcissists bloom? A framework for research on the etiology and development of narcissism

@article{Thomaes2009WhatMN,
  title={What makes narcissists bloom? A framework for research on the etiology and development of narcissism},
  author={Sander Thomaes and Brad J. Bushman and Bram Orobio de Castro and Hedy Stegge},
  journal={Development and Psychopathology},
  year={2009},
  volume={21},
  pages={1233 - 1247}
}
Abstract Narcissism is a dynamic form of personality characterized by a pervasive sense of grandiosity and self-importance, and by a need to obtain continuous self-validation from others. Very little is known about its etiology and development. What factors (e.g., temperament, parenting experiences) and processes (e.g., transactions between these factors over time) cause some children to become more narcissistic than others? When does narcissism first emerge, and how does narcissism develop… 
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