What is user engagement? A conceptual framework for defining user engagement with technology

@article{OBrien2008WhatIU,
  title={What is user engagement? A conceptual framework for defining user engagement with technology},
  author={Heather L. O'Brien and Elaine Toms},
  journal={J. Assoc. Inf. Sci. Technol.},
  year={2008},
  volume={59},
  pages={938-955}
}
  • H. O'Brien, E. Toms
  • Published 1 April 2008
  • Computer Science
  • J. Assoc. Inf. Sci. Technol.
The purpose of this article is to critically deconstruct the term engagement as it applies to peoples' experiences with technology. Through an extensive, critical multidisciplinary literature review and exploratory study of users of Web searching, online shopping, Webcasting, and gaming applications, we conceptually and operationally defined engagement. Building on past research, we conducted semistructured interviews with the users of four applications to explore their perception of being… 

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