What is to be done? Controversies in the diagnosis and treatment of manic-depressive illness.

@article{Ghaemi2000WhatIT,
  title={What is to be done? Controversies in the diagnosis and treatment of manic-depressive illness.},
  author={Nassir S Ghaemi and Gary S. Sachs and Frederick K. Goodwin},
  journal={The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry},
  year={2000},
  volume={1 2},
  pages={65-74}
}
BACKGROUND In recent years, much progress has been made in the diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia and depression. Bipolar disorder, however, remains frequently misunderstood, leading to inconsistent diagnosis and treatment. Why is the case? What is to be done about it? METHODS We critically review studies in the nosology of bipolar disorder and the effects of antidepressant agents. RESULTS Bipolar disorder is underdiagnosed and frequently misdiagnosed as unipolar major depressive… CONTINUE READING

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