What is remembered about early childhood events?

  title={What is remembered about early childhood events?},
  author={David B. Pillemer},
  journal={Clinical psychology review},
  volume={18 8},
  • D. Pillemer
  • Published 1 December 1998
  • Psychology
  • Clinical psychology review
The wane of childhood amnesia for autobiographical and public event memories
The wane of childhood amnesia appears to occur around 4.7 years, and this transition estimate was replicated in a sample of adults (ages 24-65 years) with both Bruce et al.'s event-generation task and the Experiment 1a questionnaire.
Clinical View of Memory
Memory is very robust, usually reliable yet also fragile. Events occurring before the age of 3 years are rarely consciously remembered. There is a lower level of neurocognitive processing of memory
Adult Recollections of Childhood Memories: What Details can be Recalled?
The findings indicate that (full) earliest memories may be considerably later than previously thought and that they rarely contain the sort of specific details targeted by professional investigators.
Do school-age children remember or know the personal past?
Adult recollections of earliest childhood dreams: A cross-cultural study
The results support the social interaction explanation for autobiographical memory development, in which parent–child conversations about the personal past contribute to memory accessibility.
The distribution of early childhood memories
The quantitative distribution of autobiographical memories for the first decade of life is described and is nearly identical for males and females, for participants of different ages, and for different methods of collecting data.
Long–Term Recall Memory: Behavioral and Neuro–Developmental Changes in the First 2 Years of Life
Until not long ago, psychologists conceptually and methodologically linked the capacity for recall of the past to developments in language. With the advent of a nonverbal measure of recall, this
Remembering to Relate: Socioemotional Correlates of Mother-Child Reminiscing
Previous research has established that mothers vary in how elaborately they reminisce with their preschool children, but explanation of these individual differences is lacking. We predicted that


Childhood amnesia and the beginnings of memory for four early life events.
Results show that the offset of childhood amnesia (earliest age of recall) is age 2 for hospitalization and sibling birth and 3 for death and move, indicating that some memories are available from earlier in childhood than previous research has suggested.
Childhood events recalled by children and adults.
The Psychological and Social Origins of Autobiographical Memory
Recent research on young children's memory for personal episodes provides new insights into the phenomenon of infantile amnesia, first identified by Freud. New research indicates that children learn
Predictors of Accurate and Inaccurate Memories of Traumatic Events Experienced in Childhood
Memory did not reliably vary for children who endured the medical procedure once versus multiple times, and age differences in memory emerged, especially when comparing 3- to 4-year-olds with older children.
Very long-term memories of a salient preschool event
Children who attended either a younger (mean age = 3frac12;years) or an older (mean age = 4frac12; years)preschool classroom were interviewed twice about an emergency school evacuation in response to
What happens to early memories of trauma? A study of twenty children under age five at the time of documented traumatic events.
  • L. Terr
  • Psychology
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1988
Girls appear better able than boys to verbalize parts of traumas from before ages 28 to 36 months, which serves as an approximate cut-off point separating those children who can fully verbalize their past experiences from those who can do so in part or not at all.
Episodic memory and autonoetic consciousness: developmental evidence and a theory of childhood amnesia.
It is argued that between 3 to 6 years children develop the ability to remember events as experienced and that this development can explain adults' inability to have recollective experiences of childhood events before that age (childhood amnesia).
On resolving the enigma of infantile amnesia.
It is concluded that infantile amnesia is a chimera of a previously unexplored relationship between the development of a cognitive sense of self and the personalization of event memory.
Relating age at encoding in early childhood to adult recall: Development of flashbulb memories.
Three hundred thirty-eight informants who were between 1 and 7 years of age in 1963 were asked about their personal memories surrounding the assassination of President Kennedy and six other