What is missing in measures of Women's Empowerment?

@article{CuevaBeteta2006WhatIM,
  title={What is missing in measures of Women's Empowerment?},
  author={Hanny Cueva Beteta},
  journal={Journal of Human Development},
  year={2006},
  volume={7},
  pages={221 - 241}
}
This paper argues that the Gender Empowerment Measure is an incomplete and biased index on women's empowerment, which measures inequality among the most educated and economically advantaged and fails to include important non‐economic dimensions of decision‐making power both at the household level and over women's own bodies and sexuality. After addressing in more depth the relevance and limitations of existent and potential indicators on women's empowerment in the political and economic spheres… 
Organising Concepts of ‘Women’s Empowerment’ for Measurement: A Typology
TLDR
It is argued that researchers and practitioners measuring this concept may benefit from making explicit their theory-, fact- and value-based assumptions about women’s empowerment before settling on a single primary measure for their particularly context, and alternative indicators can subsequently be used as sensitivity measures that not only measure sensitivity to assumptions about girls’ social reality, but also to investigators' own values.
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What is missing in measures of Women's Empowerment?
This paper argues that the Gender Empowerment Measure is an incomplete and biased index on women's empowerment, which measures inequality among the most educated and economically advantaged and fails
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