What is missing in immunology to understand immunity?

  title={What is missing in immunology to understand immunity?},
  author={Rolf Martin Zinkernagel},
  journal={Nature Immunology},
Immunology, as laid down in textbooks and reviews, reflects 150 years of intense research about protection against infectious disease and responses to chemically defined antigens. The data have been gathered through the use of various experimental animal species and ultimately embrace all of cell biology, down to the molecular level. Many of the basic questions and ideas in immunology, however, were coined more than 100 years ago and have not changed much since; this includes concepts such as… CONTINUE READING


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