What is it to be healthy?

  title={What is it to be healthy?},
  author={Elselijn Kingma},
  volume={67 294},
  • E. Kingma
  • Published 1 April 2007
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Analysis
According to Christopher Boorse's Bio-Statistical Theory (BST), 'health' is statistically normal function in a reference class, and 'health' and 'disease' are empirical, objective and value-free concepts. I demonstrate that the success of the BST depends on its choice of reference classes; different reference classes result in different accounts of health. I argue that nothing in nature empirically or objectively dictates the use of reference classes Boorse proposes. Reference classes in the… 

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