What is dorso-lateral in the subthalamic Nucleus (STN)?—a topographic and anatomical consideration on the ambiguous description of today’s primary target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery

@article{Coenen2008WhatID,
  title={What is dorso-lateral in the subthalamic Nucleus (STN)?—a topographic and anatomical consideration on the ambiguous description of today’s primary target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery},
  author={Volker Arnd Coenen and Andreas Prescher and Thorsten Schmidt and Piero Picozzi and Frans L. H. Gielen},
  journal={Acta Neurochirurgica},
  year={2008},
  volume={150},
  pages={1163-1165}
}
The most frequently used target for DBS in advanced Parkinson Disease (PD) is the sensorimotor subthalamic nucleus (STN), anatomically referred to as dorso-lateral STN [3]. Ambiguities arise, regarding the true meaning of this description in the STN. Does “dorsal” indicate posterior or superior? At its best, this definition assigns two directions in space to a three-dimensional structure. This paper evaluates the ambiguity and describes the sensorimotor part of the STN in stereotactic space. 
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