What is a Suggestion? The Neuroscience of Implicit Processing Heuristics in Therapeutic Hypnosis and Psychotherapy

  title={What is a Suggestion? The Neuroscience of Implicit Processing Heuristics in Therapeutic Hypnosis and Psychotherapy},
  author={Ernest Lawrence Rossi and Kathryn Lane Rossi},
  journal={American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis},
  pages={267 - 281}
  • E. RossiK. Rossi
  • Published 1 April 2007
  • Psychology
  • American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Abstract Neuroscience and bioinformatics research on activity-dependent gene expression and brain plasticity in memory and learning are used to reconceptualize a fundamental question of therapeutic hypnosis, “What is a suggestion?” John Kihlstrom's cognitive-behavioral perspective of implicit (unconscious) and explicit (conscious) memory and Eric Kandel's Nobel Prize winning neurobiological research are integrated for a 30-year update of Milton H. Erickson's “neuro-psycho-physiology” of… 

Novel Activity-Dependent Approaches to Therapeutic Hypnosis and Psychotherapy: The General Waking Trance

It is proposed that the states of intense mental absorption and response attentiveness that are facilitated by the general waking trance are functionally related to the three conditions neuroscientists have identified as novelty, enrichment, and exercise, which can turn on activity-dependent gene expression and activity- dependent brain plasticity.

Psicoterapia e neuroscienze: il modello strategico ad orientamento neuroscientifico e il metodo mente - corpo

Combining strategic psychotherapy with neuroscientific findings has allowed the development of an evidence-based model that facilitates mind-body healing and helps the treatment of several mental and psychosomatic conditions.

Therapeutic Hypnosis, Psychotherapy, and the Digital Humanities: The Narratives and Culturomics of Hypnosis, 1800–2008

Culturomics graphically compares the frequencies of English words about hypnosis, hypnotherapy, psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, and their founders from 1800 to 2008.

Effects of the Brain Wave Modulation Technique Administered Online on Stress, Anxiety, Global Distress, and Affect During the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Randomized Clinical Trial

The present findings add to the current literature in suggesting that the BWM-T reduced stress not only when administered face-to face but also when administered online during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Poetic reflections of psychological content: A psychological tool

Poetic reflections of psychological content, a psychological tool developed by the author, is an amalgam of psychology and poetry. The purpose is to transmit positive messages to clients or patients

Meditative Training Improves Undergraduate Executive Functioning

ABSTRACT The experience of attending college can be a stressful experience for many students, one that college and university counseling centers may have limited resources of time and finances to

Aelius Aristides’ Sacred Tales

Aelius Aristides’ Sacred Tales, composed in the 2nd century CE, is considered a unique literary work, in which the author claimed to have recorded the dreams he had received from Asclepius over a

A New Bioinformatics Paradigm for the Theory, Research, and Practice of Therapeutic Hypnosis

This molecular-genomic level of discourse is proposed as a supplement to the traditional cognitive-behavioral description of therapeutic suggestion, hypnosis, and psychotherapy that is consistent with “translational research” currently funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Suggestive techniques in coaching

Abstract Effective communication is central to coaching. Suggestive influencing is expected to occur interpersonally; directly or indirectly, with or without intention. Even without our awareness, we



Implicit memory: History and current status.

Memory for a recent event can be expressed explicitly, as conscious recollection, or implicitly, as a facilitation of test performance without conscious recollection. A growing number of recent

Ericksonian approaches to hypnosis and therapy: Where are we now?

  • W. Matthews
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 2000
The article concludes with a discussion of the need for empirically based research to test the efficacy of Ericksonian therapy and its core components, lest this approach become isolated from the scientific hypnosis and therapy communities.

Prospects for Exploring the Molecular-Genomic Foundations of Therapeutic Hypnosis with DNA Microarrays

  • E. Rossi
  • Psychology, Biology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 2005
An update of Watson and Crick's original formulation of molecular biology is proposed to illustrate how psychosocial experiences modulate gene expression, protein synthesis, and brain plasticity during memory trace reactivation for the reorganization of neural networks that encode fear, stress, and traumatic symptoms.

The Psychobiology of Gene Expression: Neuroscience and Neurogenesis in Hypnosis and the Healing Arts

The new neuroscience discoveries about enriching life experiences, neurogenesis, and gene expression are poised to profoundly expand our understanding of psychotherapy and the holistic healing arts.

Indirect versus direct hypnotic suggestions--an initial investigation: a brief communication.

High hypnotizable male Ss felt more aware of the hypnotic suggestions and more in charge of their experience when they experienced ISS than they did on SHCS, which revealed no significant main effect differences between hypnotic methods on the behavioral response measure.

Memory: From Mind to Molecules

Learning and memory have traditionally held a central place in psychology and, during the past several decades, have also become very important—a preoccupation, some would say—for neurobiology.

The Molecular Biology of Memory Storage: A Dialogue Between Genes and Synapses

This book aims to investigate elementary forms of learning and memory at a cellular molecular level—as specific molecular activities within identified nerve cells withinidentified nerve cells.

The Origin of Mind: Evolution of Brain, Cognition, and General Intelligence

Darwin considered an understanding of the evolution of the human mind and brain to be of major importance to the evolutionary sciences. This groundbreaking book sets out a comprehensive, integrated

Commentary on matthews's “ericksonian approaches to hypnosis and therapy: Where are we now?”

We agree with Matthews that ”in the absence of careful scientific evaluation, Ericksonian approaches to hypnosis and psychotherapy will become further isolated from the scientifically based hypnosis


Bousfield's associative clustering method, which has been used to study verbal mediation, concept utilization and Miller's unitization hypothesis, was examined in an S-O-R framework. Words, pictures