What is Basic about Basic Emotions? Lasting Lessons from Affective Neuroscience

@article{Panksepp2011WhatIB,
  title={What is Basic about Basic Emotions? Lasting Lessons from Affective Neuroscience},
  author={Jaak Panksepp and Douglas F. Watt},
  journal={Emotion Review},
  year={2011},
  volume={3},
  pages={387 - 396}
}
A cross-species affective neuroscience strategy for understanding the primary-process (basic) emotions is defended. The need for analyzing the brain and mind in terms of evolutionary stratification of functions into at least primary (instinctual), secondary (learned), and tertiary (thought-related) processes is advanced. When viewed in this context, the contentious battles between basic-emotion theorists and dimensional-constructivist approaches can be seen to be largely nonsubstantial… 
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