What does the ‘Fourth Wave’ Mean for Teaching Feminism in Twenty-First Century Social Work?

  title={What does the ‘Fourth Wave’ Mean for Teaching Feminism in Twenty-First Century Social Work?},
  author={Ruth Phillips and Viviene E Cree},
  journal={Social Work Education},
  pages={930 - 943}
There is no straightforward definition of feminism today. In spite of this, scholars and researchers who describe themselves as ‘feminist’ continue to produce work that both interrogates the specific and general conditions of women's lives and explores the more ubiquitous construct of ‘gender’, and in social work, feminist understandings remain central to practice, theory and research. This may, in large part, be reflective of the continuing over-representation of women as providers and users… Expand
Feminism: A Fourth to be Reckoned With? Reviving Community Education Feminist Pedagogies in a Digital Age
The notion that feminism is in its ‘fourth wave’ is undoubtedly controversial and highly disputed amongst feminist circles (Munro, 2014). On one hand there remains a plethora of misinformation on theExpand
Working across difference in the digital era: riding the waves to feminist solidarity
To complement the guest-edited special anniversary issue of the journal, this Commentary and Criticism section explores the futures of intergenerational feminist media studies, considering what theseExpand
Young women's engagement with feminism in a postfeminist and neoliberal cultural context
This thesis aims to explore young women’s relationship with feminism against the backdrop of a long-running media claim that ‘feminism is dead’ from a feministinfluenced poststructuralistExpand
Digital feminisms and the split subject: Short-circuits through Lacan's four discourses
This paper takes the emergent field of digital feminisms as a case for thinking about the ways in which Jacques Lacan’s theory of the four discourses – that of the master, hysteric, university, andExpand
Women in nation building: breaking down barriers, building bridges
abstract The role of women in the public sphere in Africa has for long been one of restriction by virtue of society’s interpretation of power along gender lines. For long, society viewed power,Expand
How ‘Empowerment’ May Miss Its Mark: Gender Equality Policies and How They are Understood in Women’s NGOs
Women’s NGOs are key players in the struggle to gain gender equality around the world. Motivated by a concern about the lack of progress in achieving gender equality on a global scale, the purpose ofExpand
Exploring social work students’ attitudes towards feminism: opening up conversations
Abstract This paper reports on findings from a 2013 study of UK social work students’ attitudes towards feminism and the perceived relevance of feminist theory to social work practice. Building on anExpand
The perspective of intersectionality underlines the fact that oppression in a society has several sources that interact with and overlap each other. Intersectionality is not only an academic projectExpand
Listening to Men: Are Men the Unheard Gender?
An ontological view of conceptualizing the world that women are more important than men may create a male gender bias which gets trapped in and blurs the epistemological lens of how one sees theExpand
Gender and Social Work Practice in India: The Changing Feminist Discourses
A discussion regarding the changing paradigms of gender within social work academic discourses as well as practice in India is discussed. Expand


Who's Afraid of Third Wave Feminism?
This article addresses some issues related to the question of the ‘third wave’ within contemporary British feminism, situating British debates within an international context. My argument is thatExpand
The Fourth Wave of Feminism: Psychoanalytic Perspectives Introductory Remarks
This introductory paper traces a century of 4 waves of feminism from a psychoanalytic perspective. The first phase focused on political change as the suffragette movement was undertaken at the turnExpand
`It's Feminist because I Say So!'
This article explores the contribution of feminism to critical social work practice within the UK. It does so by examining a claim that social work students and practitioners have taken a simplisticExpand
Modern Ideas, Traditional Behaviors, and the Persistence of Gender Inequality in Brazil
Adding to the established conceptualization of the first three waves of the Brazilian women's and feminist movements, our focus is the ongoing "fourth wave," defined by a process of "genderedExpand
Surviving on the inside: Reflections on being a woman and a feminist in a male academic institution
This article considers what it is like to be a woman on the inside: a white woman lecturer and tutor teaching social work students inside the white male bastion of the university. Universities areExpand
GPC Ten Years On: is self-reflexivity enough?
In the 10 years since the first issue of Gender, Place and Culture was published, feminist geography has grown, matured, become part of the normal curriculum in most departments of geography. TheExpand
Encountering Development: The Making and the Unmaking of the Third World
Drawing on Foucaultian critical discourse analysis and Said’s concept of Orientalism (Foucault, 1980; Said, 2003), the fi rst edition of the book – published in 1995 – presented a groundbreaking andExpand
Feminist Social Work
This book explores the development of truly feminist social work, setting out the progress to date in establishing a feminist presence in the four central areas of social work: the definition ofExpand
Feminism and the contradictions of oppression
Feminism and the Contradictions of Oppression is a penetrating and comprehensive study of the development of feminism over the last thirty years. The first part of this major new textbook examinesExpand
Getting Equal: The History of Australian Feminism
Introduction..Part One Women in a New World..1 The Power of the Ballot..Part Two Building a Woman-Friendly Commonwealth..2 The Creation of a Welfare State..3 The Rights of Mothers..4 The IndependenceExpand