What do the trace metal contents of urine and toenail samples from Qatar׳s farm workers bioindicate?

@article{Kuiper2014WhatDT,
  title={What do the trace metal contents of urine and toenail samples from Qatar׳s farm workers bioindicate?},
  author={Nora Kuiper and Candace Rowell and Jerome O. Nriagu and Basem Shomar},
  journal={Environmental research},
  year={2014},
  volume={131},
  pages={86-94}
}
Qatar׳s farm workers provide a unique population for exposure study: they are young, healthy males. This study combined trace element profiles in urine and toenail with survey information from 239 farm workers to assess the extent to which the biomarkers provide complementary exposure information. Urinary Mo levels (average=114 µg/L) were elevated; average urinary values (µg/L) for all other elements were: V (1.02), Cr (0.55), Mn (2.15), Fe (34.1), Co (0.47), Ni (2.95), Cu (15.0), As (47.8), Se… CONTINUE READING
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