Corpus ID: 12328560

What difference does a constitutional amendment make? The 1994 Panchayati Raj Act and the attempt to revitalize rural local government in India

  title={What difference does a constitutional amendment make? The 1994 Panchayati Raj Act and the attempt to revitalize rural local government in India},
  author={Shubham Chaudhuri},
(Preliminary and incomplete) 2 " If at the level of center-state relations the constitution gave us democracy, at the level of state-panchayat relations the constitution gave us bureaucracy. " 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1993 and the Status of Rural Local Governance in India in Last Two Decades
It has been two decades since the Panchayati Raj system got the constitutional mandate of being the third-tier of democratic governance in India. Still, the lack of devolution of functional andExpand
Democratic Deepening in India and South Africa
This article examines the trajectories of democratization in India and South Africa. Both democracies are exemplary cases of democratic consolidation but face critical challenges in deepeningExpand
Building Local Democracy: Evaluating the Impact of Decentralization in Kerala, India
Summary. — Historically, local rural governments in India have enjoyed very limited powers and citizens have been afforded very few opportunities to shape local development. In 1996, the stateExpand
Contrasting Experiences of Decentralization in Two States in India
As similar trends towards decentralization in the developing world became apparent in the 1990s, India enacted the Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth Constitutional Amendments in 1993. Direct electionsExpand
Democratic Centralism, Party Hegemony, and Decentralisation in West Bengal ∗
This paper raises two questions. (1) How does one explain the massive mandate given to the Communist Party of India (Marxist)-led Left Front on industrialisation in the West Bengal assembly electionsExpand
Strengthening Decentralization - Augmenting The Consolidated Fund of the States by the Thirteenth Finance Commission: A Normative Approach
The present study examines issues related to fiscal federalism at the third tier in general and grants to local bodies in particular. The study presents a normative framework to estimate theExpand
The Local Administrative System in India
The local administrative system in India is divided into rural governance (panchayati raj) and urban governance. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments have changed this system significantly,Expand
In Bangladesh, the last thirty seven years after independence followed a trajectory of top-down policy making and implementation with an impasse of 'winner-takes-all' politics encircling its centralExpand
Contours of Governance Reforms in India
Good governance—which includes accountability, transparency, an effective bureaucracy, regulatory quality, electoral competition, political checks and balances and rule of law—is considered theExpand
Making Citizens from Below: The Prospects and Challenges of Decentralization in India
This paper examines the prospects for democratic deepening in India by focusing on the impact of decentralization reforms (Panchayati Raj). The democratic deficit in India is both associational andExpand


Recent reforms in the Panchayat system in west Bengal: toward greater participatory governance
The experience of West Bengal under the panchayat system stands in sharp contrast with that of other states and, together with land reform, it has been credited for playing an important role in theExpand
Land Reform, Poverty Reduction and Growth: Evidence from India
In recent times there has been a renewed interest in relationships between redistribution, growth and welfare. Land reforms have been central to strategies to improve the asset base of the poor inExpand
Decentralization of Governance and Development
In this paper we note that the institutional context (and therefore the structure of incentives and organization) in developing and transition economies is quite different from those in advancedExpand
The political economy of democratic decentralization
Nearly all countries worldwide are now experimenting with decentralization. Their motivation are diverse. Many countries are decentralizing because they believe this can help stimulate economicExpand
Accountability and decentralisation in government: An incomplete contracts model
This paper approaches the question of the appropriate level of decentralization of power in government as a problem in the allocation of control rights under incomplete contracts. This approach isExpand
Empowerment and Efficiency: Tenancy Reform in West Bengal
The paper analyzes the effect of agricultural tenancy laws offering security of tenure to tenants and regulating the share of output that is paid as rent on farm productivity. Theoretically, the netExpand
Political Institutions and Policy Choices: Evidence from the United States
A rich array of institutional diversity makes the United States an excellent place to study the relationship between political institutions and public policy outcomes. This Paper has three main aims.Expand
In Quest of the Political: The Political Economy of Development Policy Making
This paper explores some of the central debates in the application of political economy to development policy making. It is particularly concerned with the connection between theory, empiricalExpand
Poverty and Inequality in India: A Re-Examination
This paper presents a new set of integrated poverty and inequality estimates for India and Indian states for 1987-88, 1993-94 and 1999-2000. The poverty estimates are broadly consistent withExpand
A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures
NE of the most important recent developments in the area of "applied economic theory" has been the work of Musgrave and Samuelson in public finance theory.2 The two writers agree on what is probablyExpand