What causes the symptoms of heart failure ?

  title={What causes the symptoms of heart failure ?},
  author={Andrew J. S. Coats}
hronic heart failure (CHF) is a common condition with a poor prognosis. It is associated with debilitating limiting symptoms, even with optimal modern medical management. Foremost among these symptoms is severe exercise intolerance with pronounced fatigue and dyspnoea at low exercise workloads. The UK National Health Service has highlighted it as a key target for improved treatment with the aim of symptom relief and restoration of optimal functional capacity. 1 The severity of symptomatic… CONTINUE READING