What caused the recent “Warm Arctic, Cold Continents” trend pattern in winter temperatures?

@article{Sun2016WhatCT,
  title={What caused the recent “Warm Arctic, Cold Continents” trend pattern in winter temperatures?},
  author={Lantao Sun and J. Perlwitz and M. Hoerling},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
  year={2016},
  volume={43},
  pages={5345-5352}
}
The emergence of rapid Arctic warming in recent decades has coincided with unusually cold winters over Northern Hemisphere continents. It has been speculated that this “Warm Arctic, Cold Continents” trend pattern is due to sea ice loss. Here we use multiple models to examine whether such a pattern is indeed forced by sea ice loss specifically and by anthropogenic forcing in general. While we show much of Arctic amplification in surface warming to result from sea ice loss, we find that neither… Expand

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