What Types of Company Have Female and Foreign Directors?

  title={What Types of Company Have Female and Foreign Directors?},
  author={Masayuki Morikawa},
  journal={CGN: Equity \& Diversity (Topic)},
This paper analyzes the determinants of the presence and the number of female and foreign directors among Japanese companies. First, listed and long-established companies, subsidiaries, and unionized companies tend not to have female directors. On the other hand, owner-managed companies are likely to have female directors and chief executive officers (CEOs). Company size and foreign shareholdings do not have significant relationships with the presence of female directors. Second, while some… 
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