What Killed August von Kotzebue? The Temptations of Virtue and the Political Theology of German Nationalism, 1789–1819*

  title={What Killed August von Kotzebue? The Temptations of Virtue and the Political Theology of German Nationalism, 1789–1819*},
  author={George S. Williamson},
  journal={The Journal of Modern History},
  pages={890 - 943}
Around eleven o’clock, on the morning of March 23, 1819, Karl Sand rang the doorbell of the playwright August von Kotzebue.1 Sand, a student of theology at the University of Jena, had toured Germany for two weeks before arriving in Mannheim that morning. Now, as a maid appeared at the door, Sand announced himself as “Heinrich from Mietau” and asked to see Kotzebue. The maid reported that Kotzebue was unavailable but suggested that Sand return again that afternoon. So he toured the castle… 

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Die Bulletins des Herrn von Kotzebue

    For details of Sand's incarceration, see K. A. Müller (n. 1 above)

      On the impact of Sand's act for Follen, see Spevack

        But in the immediate aftermath of his deed he stabbed himself, perhaps provoked by a conscience that he could not completely silence

          For the traditional view, see the literature cited by Mandel

            318; these were the views of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, Deutsches Volksthum (1810; reprint

            • esp. p
            • 1991

            where he attacks "Hofschranzen und Gelddienst