What Is This Thing Called Mental Toughness? An Investigation of Elite Sport Performers

@article{Jones2002WhatIT,
  title={What Is This Thing Called Mental Toughness? An Investigation of Elite Sport Performers},
  author={Graham R. Jones and Sheldon Hanton and Declan Connaughton},
  journal={Journal of Applied Sport Psychology},
  year={2002},
  volume={14},
  pages={205 - 218}
}
The literature on mental toughness is characterized by a general lack of conceptual clarity and consensus as to its definition, as well as a general failure to operationalize the construct in a consistent manner. This study addressed two fundamental issues surrounding mental toughness: how can it be defined? and what are the essential attributes required to be a mentally tough performer? Ten international performers participated in either a focus group or one-toone interviews, from which a… 

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