What Is Minimally Required to Elicit Placebo Effects?

  title={What Is Minimally Required to Elicit Placebo Effects?},
  author={Karin Jensen},
  journal={International review of neurobiology},
Placebo effects have often been attributed to cognitive processes described as "learning" and/or "expectancy," yet the role of conscious awareness is unclear. Furthermore, little is known about the placebo effects in patients with limited cognitive abilities, such as intellectual disability. Here, recent data on placebo mechanisms in patients with impaired… CONTINUE READING