What Is Life?

  title={What Is Life?},
  author={Antonio Lazcano},
  journal={Chemistry \& Biodiversity},
  • A. Lazcano
  • Published 1 January 2008
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Chemistry & Biodiversity
1. I Sing the Body Electric . – After many years of experimentation on the effects of electricity on frog legs, in 1791 Luigi Galvani published his Commentary on the Effects of Electricity on Muscular Motion, summarizing the observations that had led him to believe in the existence of -animal electricity. that originated in the brain, and traveled through nerves and muscles. A child of the Enlightenment, Galvani was no mystic, and the fascination that his observations awoke in both his… Expand
Emergence and Levels
The worldview that informed the vanguard of the Western scientific community between ca. 1600 and ca. 1850 conceived of the universe as the maximal self-winding mechanism: recall Chapter 2. By theExpand
Life, DNA and the model
  • R. Bud
  • History
  • The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 2011
Abstract This paper argues that the 1953 double-helix solution to the problem of DNA structure was understood, at the time, as a blow within a fiercely fought dispute over the material nature ofExpand
On the applicability of dialetheism and philosophy of identity to the definition of life
  • V. Kolb
  • Biology
  • International Journal of Astrobiology
  • 2010
The principles of dialetheism, which state that some contradictions may be true, are found to be valuable in sorting out and clarifying some astrobiological problems that impede the ability to define life. Expand
The definition of life: a brief history of an elusive scientific endeavor.
The purpose of this essay is to discuss some of the manifold (and often unsatisfactory) definitions of life that have been attempted from different intellectual and scientific perspectives and reflect, at least in part, the key role that historical frameworks play. Expand
Defining Life: Conference Proceedings
This paper sets out the history of life as the disciples of artificial life understand it, by placing these different lessons on a temporal and causal axis, showing which one is indispensable to the appearance of the next and how does it connect to the next. Expand
What Is Life
Focusing on the nature of life makes us more critical with the Cartesian comparisons between cells and machines, and progress in synthetic biology will allow us to better understand the organization of biological complexity. Expand
Life’s Order, Complexity, Organization, and Its Thermodynamic–Holistic Imperatives
  • R. Egel
  • Medicine, Computer Science
  • Life
  • 2012
Jeffrey S. Wicken was a fervent early protagonist of holistic ‘continuist’ views and agenda, who in the 1970/80s strived for a synthesis of biological and physical theories to fathom the tentative origins of life. Expand
Investigating the Evolution and Development of Biological Systems from the Perspective of Thermo-Kinetics and Systems Theory.
  • Mohammad Amin Boojari
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere : the journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life
  • 2020
This review aims to reformulate Darwinian theory in physicochemical terms so that it can handle both animate and inanimate systems, thus helping to overcome this theoretical divide. Expand
Toward a general theory of evolution: Extending Darwinian theory to inanimate matter
It is concluded that abiogenesis and evolution, rather than manifesting two discrete stages in the emergence of complex life, actually constitute one single physicochemical process. Expand
Which Way to Life?
  • A. Lazcano
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres
  • 2010
A comparison of the empirical evidence used in favor of the metabolic-first and genetic-first theories of the origin of life shows that many of the observations and experimental findings used to argue in favour of one or another view are equally consistent with the premises of both theories and do not unambiguously support neither of them. Expand


Biological Enigmas and the Theory of Enzyme Action
The discovery of radioactivity, instead of adding a new science to the list, has shown the lines, of demarcation which once were, so rigidly drawn between the departments of physical science are disappearing before the authors' eyes. Expand
The Physical Basis of Life
His cytological reflections on chromosomes as the physical basis of heredity, and on the Golgi bodies and mitochondria, illuminate the subject, while his all-too-brief discussion of certain facts of experimental embryology runs along a somewhat unfamiliar track. Expand
The spontaneous generation controversy. From Descartes to Oparin
Historical perspective: The problem of the origin of life in the context of developments in biology
  • H. Kamminga
  • Biology, Chemistry
  • Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere
  • 2005
Oparin's theory, which was rooted in the metabolic traditions of biochemistry, provided a model which has had a lasting impact in methodological terms and which helped to transform the field from a largely theoretical one to an area of active research. Expand
Making Sense of Life: Explaining Biological Development With Models, Metaphors, and Machines
The author has undertaken to account for several of the large movements, the well-accepted investigative styles and emphases, that dominated research on embryogenesis and, more generally, on the mechanisms of biological development, during the hundred or so years past. Expand
Preface A scientist is supposed to have a complete and thorough I of knowledge, at first hand, of some subjects and, therefore, is usually expected not to write on any topic of which he is not aExpand
The Gene Material as the Initiator and the Organizing Basis of Life
The author's view, of the gene material's having primacy, is defended and the concept of the uniqueness of structure of gene material, since even in diverse cytoplasmic structures having these properties, nucleic acid has been found to be present. Expand
The Origin of Life
WHEN DARWIN PRESENTED a rational approach to explain the origin and evolution of the diverse species of animals, a question naturally arose: Where is the beginning of this process? If life begetsExpand
The ancestor’s tale A pilgrimage to the dawn of evolution
Richard Dawkins provides an exceptional discourse on evolutionary progress and inevitability in The ancestor’s tale: a pilgrimage to the dawn of evolution. Expand
Darwin in Russian thought
"Darwin in Russian Thought" represents the first comprehensive and systematic study of Charles Darwin's influence on Russian thought from the early 1860s to the 'October Revolution'. WhileExpand