What Is Disease?

  title={What Is Disease?},
  author={Lester Snow King},
  journal={Philosophy of Science},
  pages={193 - 203}
  • L. S. King
  • Published 1 July 1954
  • Medicine
  • Philosophy of Science
Biological science does not try to distinguish betweeln health and disease. Biology is concerned with the interaction between living organisms and their environment. What we call health or disease is quite irrelevant. These reactions between the individual and his environment are complex. The individual and his surroundings form an integrated system which we can arbitrarily divide into two parts. There is an "external" component, by which we mean such factors as light, heat, percentage of… 

The Naturalization of the Concept of Disease

Science starts by using terms such as ‘temperature’ or ‘fish’ or ‘gene’ to preliminarily delimitate the extension of a phenomenon, and concludes by giving most of them a technical meaning based on an

Defining disease: Much ado about nothing?

Medical science, of course, tries hard to characterise more definitely and fully the symptoms and causes of particular conditions generally referred to as diseases. Equally obviously, clinicians are

Clinical Problems and the Concept of Disease

The history of medicine shows some of the roots of this confusion in the process of transforming clinical problems into disease entities, and views of the first sort have supported the notion that diseases are in some sense beings or entities, entia morborum.

Genetics and Society: a Different View

  • J. M. Torres
  • Political Science
    The Influence of Genetics on Contemporary Thinking
  • 2007
This article explores the connection between genetics and society in terms of eugenic policies or those of the geneticization process, by focusing on the impact that genetic technologies have on the notions of health and unhealth.

The aging-disease dichotomy: true or false?

  • H. Blumenthal
  • Medicine
    The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
  • 2003
Concepts of disease etiology did not emerge until the late 19th and early 20th centuries, following the discoveries of Pasteur, Koch, and others that specific microorganisms cause particular diseases.

The Phenomenology of Health and Illness

Phenomenology is meant to enrich the authors' understanding of health in adding to the disease-level analysis a level of analysis that addresses the questions of how the physiological states are lived as meaningful in an environment.

Mechanisms, Patho-Mechanisms, and the Explanation of Disease in Scientifically Based Clinical Medicine

It is suggested that mechanistic bases are akin to causal bases and that explanation in medicine is supported by these objectifying concepts.

The Concept of Disease in the Era of Prediction

The following section discusses the allegation of pathologization through an examination of the disease theories by Christopher Boorse, Peter Hucklenbroich, and Dirk Lanzerath, how the relationship between disposition and disease interpreted in those representative theories are interpreted.

Food and health: individual, cultural, or scientific matters?

An introduction to cultural understandings of food and health is given in relation to the commonly used scientific approach that tends to take a more reductionist approach toFood and health.

The naturalness of the artificial and our concepts of health, disease and medicine

Ten prepositions, which constitute the undercurrent paradigm of contemporary discourse of health disease and medicine, are isolated to discuss the implications of the paradigm adapted in various scholarly and popular debates such as the use of sex hormones for contraception, the care of the elderly, holistic medicine and distributive justice in health care.